24 September 2012


The Asia-Pacific Conference on Postgraduate Research in Microelectronics & Electronics - IEEE PrimeAsia, 2012 - a new initiative of the IEEE Circuits and Systems Society, is being held in BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus during December 5-7, 2012. 
For further details please visit the conference website 

Swamy Vivekananda

Swamy Vivekananda 
Please do visit: Swamy Vivekananda

20 September 2012

Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension

Reading makes a man complete
                                                - Francis Bacon
Effective communication skills are always essential in our academic as we as professional career. They are more vital these days amidst the phenomenal advancement in technology globalization, increasing cultural diversity. Among the four basic skills, reading skill is an important communicative process and reading skills are probably the most important language skills required for academic and professional purposes.

 What is reading comprehension?

 The purpose of reading is to connect the ideas on the page to what we already know. Reading comprehension refers to the ability to understand information presented in written form.

Techniques for good comprehension

 • Skimming (quick reading)
 • Scanning (looking for specific information)
• Non-verbal signals (fonts, bold print heading, figures etc.)
 • Structure of the text (introduction, body conclusion etc)
 • Structure of paragraphs (topic sentence, develop the aspect summary etc)
 • Punctuation
 • Author’s viewpoints
 • Summarizing. Reading


Two reading methods that can be used effectively for reading scientifics and technical texts are ERRQ and SQ3R techniques. EPRQ reading technique has four stages, that is Estimate, Read, Respond, Question. The basic purpose of this strategy is to get the reader to link what he/she has with new information. This technique might be useful for reading any kind of text. SQ3R ensures high degree of understanding and remembrance. It has five stages., i.e., Survey, Read, Recall, and Revise . Now let us analyse briefly how the reading comprehension is phenomenal and crucial in assessing language skills in various entrance examinations.

TOEFL iBT Reading Comprehension

The TOEFL iBT reading section tests your capacity to read, analyze, and comprehend passages that are similar in content and format to those used in universities, colleges, and other educational intitutions in the United States. The iBT reading passages follow the standard American academic English format. They contain a small introductory paragraph, a main body, and a concluding paragraph.

GRE Reading Comprehension 

Here are some Quick Tips for tackling GRE Reading Comprehension (Verbal section): 1.Read the first question before you begin reading the passage. By doing so, you can read more actively—with an eye out for the information you need. 2.Never confirm your answer to a question until you've read the entire passage. Information relevant to a question can appear anywhere in the passage. 3.Using your pencil and scratch paper, jot down a rough outline as you read. It will help you locate relevant details quickly as you answer the questions, and minimize vertical scrolling and re-reading. 4.Don't be overly concerned with details (dates, examples, and lists) as you read; instead, jot down in outline form where these details are located in the passage so you can locate them quickly as needed to respond to the questions. 5.After reading the entire passage, take about 15 seconds to sum it up in one sentence—in the form of a rough thesis statement. Doing so is well worth the effort, because you'll be able to answer some Reading Comprehension questions with nothing more than the thesis in mind. 6.No matter what type of question you're dealing with, eliminate any answer choice that runs contrary to the passage's overall thesis. 7.Be on the lookout for answer choices that provide information supported by the passage but not responsive to the question. This is one of the test-makers' favorite wrong-answer ploys. 8.If the author of the passage adopts a position, or stance, on an issue, but discusses other viewpoints as well in the passage, be on the lookout for answer choices that confuse the author's viewpoint with the viewpoints of others. This is another common wrong-answer ploy.

GMAT Reading Comprehension


GMAT reading comprehension questions are meant to test your understanding of the implications, meanings, and structures presented in the passages. You can expect to see 2 to 4 passages of 200 to 400 words each, in the verbal section of the GMAT exam. Each passage will be followed by 4 questions. Because the GMAT is now a computer-adaptive test, you will only see 1 question at a time. The passage, however, will remain on your computer screen until you have answered all of the questions related to it. The 4 Most Common

Types of GMAT Reading Comprehension Questions 

 1.) Factual Questions. You will likely find these questions the easiest ones to answer, but also the most time consuming. You need to be careful because they often contain "curveballs" such as those described below, in the strategies and tips section. However, these curveballs are also relatively easy to recognize and overcome.

2.) Inference Questions. Inference questions do not test your knowledge of explicitly-cited facts, but rather your ability to draw conclusions from other information. These questions may even ask you to make a judgment about the author's opinions, or to guess what further conclusions the author might draw. They are usually the most difficult questions for test takers.

 3.) Main Idea Questions. Main idea questions ask the test taker to identify the passage's overall theme, as opposed to supporting facts and arguments. Many clients have told us that they thought these questions were exceptionally difficult. Our advice is to accept that just because all of the answer choices have been discussed in the passage, it does not mean that every one of them can be called the passage's central theme. In main idea questions, answer choices that emphasize factual information can usually be eliminated. Answer choices that are too narrow or too broad also tend to be incorrect. Those answer choices that contain key words and concepts from the main idea presented by the passage are more likely to be correct.

 4.) Tone Questions. You will often be asked to describe the passage's tone. The same general rule about negativity applies here. The tone is much more likely to be positive or neutral than it is to be negative. For a science passage, the tone is most likely neutral.

 Reading Comprehension Tips and Strategies 

Tip 1: Use your scrap paper. Since these passages can be rather long and present difficult sentence and paragraph structures, you may want to use your scrap paper to take very brief notes on the main ideas of each paragraph. Because the GMAT is now computer adaptive, you will not be able to mark up the passages on your monitor.

Tip 2: Read the first question before the you read the passage. As we stated earlier, the new CAT structure of the GMAT prevents you from seeing all of the questions about a reading passage at the same time. Nonetheless, you will gain a slight advantage by reading the first question before you read the passage for the first time. This will give you a better idea of what you should be focusing on as you read, in order to answer that question.

 Tip 3: Identify the type of passage you are reading. Memorize the 3 common passages types that we outlined above and remember that each one should be treated differently in order to optimize your score on this section.

 Tip 4: When answering a fact question, read both the passage providing the data – and several lines before it – carefully. When a fact question directs you to look at a particular line of text for information, you will often find that one of the answer choices is a deceptive one, taken directly from that line number.

 Tip 5: Don't jump to conclusions with fact questions using Roman numerals to identify answer choices.
 You will recognize this style of question as soon as you see it: a. I only b. II only c. III only d. I and II only e. II and III only The catch is that, oftentimes, facts I and II will be presented very close to each other in the passage, but fact III will be buried much further in the text. Take the time to review and consider each fact on its own merits.

 Tip 6: Eliminate the "oohs and ahhs" answer choices. When consultants refer to "oohs and aahs," they are talking about interesting factoids that spice up presentations without adding anything of real value to the analysis. The GMAT also contains these types of answer choices. An 'ooh and ahh' choice will refer to a fact in the passage ... but just not to one that answers the question being asked.

 Tip 7: Practice, practice, practice. We just want to say this one last time. You can't expect to become a scratch golfer just by reading a few magazine articles and watching a few golf tournaments on TV. Likewise, you can't expect to become an expert at taking the GMAT just by reading some tips and advice. You also need to work through many practice questions and learn to put tips and strategies like the ones we have presented to use.

 IELTS Reading comprehension General Tips – Reading 

Before the Exam
• Make sure you are familiar with the instructions for the different question types so you can quickly glance at the questions and know what to do.
 • Read as much as possible.
 • Work on your reading skills such as ‘guessing the meanings of unknown words’, ‘understanding reference words in texts’ and reading quickly.
 • Read newspaper articles and practise the following:
 dividing the content into facts and opinions
 finding the topic sentences of paragraphs
 writing summaries
 interpreting any diagrams or tables
 thinking of headings you could give to paragraphs
 underlining the pronouns and working out what they refer to
 underlining unknown words and seeing if you can work out what they mean
 reading the first paragraph and seeing if you can predict what will come next
• Work on expanding your vocabulary. Look at the either Focus on IELTS or Insight into IELTS or the glossary in 101 Hints p.172- 174 and choose 5 new words from the vocabulary sections or articles to learn each day. Write the words on cards and test yourself on the bus or the MTR, on your way to City U.
• Do as many practice tests as you can to get used to the rubric and the task types.

During the Exam
• Look through the whole reading module first.
• Quickly look at the texts.
Study any:
 titles
 headings
 sub headings
 illustrations
 diagrams
 words in bold type or italics
• Read the questions carefully. Identify the question type. Make sure you do exactly what they say.
• Read the glossary beside the passage, if there is one.
• Don’t spend too long on one question.
• If you don’t know the answer, guess. Incorrect answers are not penalized.
• Make sure you copy all words taken from the texts correctly as incorrect spelling is penalized.
• Don’t forget your answer may be given in a diagram, graph

All the Best

15 September 2012

Elan 2013, IIT Hyderabad

Elan 2013, IIT Hyderabad, Technical & Cultural Fest,  January 18-20 2013

Fest dates: 18th-20th January 2013
Last date:


ELAN, like its meaning for undying enthusiasm, is an abbreviation to Energize, to Lavish, to Amplify and to Notarize the free-lance spirits of the students of IIT Hyderabad. It is a fete with a promise, a promise to render a plethora of pleasure and opportunities without compromising on the merry-making that comes along. In a world of unimaginable diversity, it stands out like a Mosaic at an exhibition. And as promised in 2012, come 2013, it will be back! The difference being, last time, you were electrified...this time you'll be meshed in its aura and like it or not, it'll get you! So gear up and patronize yourselves, because you are bound to be flattered!


Facebook Page:

IBM - The Great Mind Challenge 2012

TGMC 2012 : We’re back, again with The Great mind Challenge, 2012.

Thank you for all the support in TGMC 2011 and it is with great pleasure, we announce the launch of The Great Mind Challenge (TGMC) 2012.

TGMC is an innovative program aimed at encouraging students from engineering colleges from across India in their endeavor to develop solutions for real-time problems and scenarios using IBM & Open Source Software. It is India’s largest student technology contest, two years running in the Limca Book of Records!

What's in it for students?

* Improvise their software writing skills.

* Get an opportunity for future employment.

* Become market-ready with the skills and expertise they develop through TGMC which is In-Demand.

Participation in the contest gives students the excitement of working on real-life solutions, with FREE IBM software’s to choose from and work with. Students also have the opportunity to seek for any technical help while working on their project by us.

Click here for to Register

Lots of prizes and recognition in store as well!

For any query/suggestion/details, please post your comment on our Facebook page -

If you would like to sponsor/mentor students in TGMC, please send us a note at and we will get back with the details.

For more details visit :

Colgate Scholarships- Colgate Dental Cream 75 Years Celebration Offer

Colgate Scholarships- Colgate Dental Cream 75 Years Celebration Offer

All individuals are requested to go through the detailed terms and conditions before participating.

1. All individuals above 18 years of age are eligible to participate in this Colgate Dental Cream 75 years Celebration Offer (“Celebration Offer”), subject to the terms and conditions set out herein, which will be presumed to have been accepted by him/her.

2. This Celebration offer is being conducted by Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd (Colgate) from 1st August 2012 to 30th Sept, 2012 (Celebration offer period). The company will not entertain any entries received after 30th September2012.

3. Purchase of Colgate Dental Cream pack is not a condition precedent to participate in this Celebration Offer.

4. Only Indian Nationals holding the valid PAN cards issued under the provisions of the Income-Tax Act, 1961 shall be eligible to participate in the Celebration Offer. NRIs are not eligible to participate in this Offer.

5. This Offer is not valid in the state of Tamilnadu.

6. One can get an opportunity to participate in this Celebration Offer either by a) calling on the Toll Free number 1800 419 7575, which is printed on the pack of ‘Colgate Dental Cream toothpaste’, and also communicated in print media, selecting an Interactive Voice Response System (IVRS) option for answering the question. Or by b) submitting the entry form available on after duly answering the contest questions. A person sending an entry in the aforeside manner shall be reffered to as “the Participant”.

7. Participants making calls during the celebration offer period, as per the term mentioned in clause 6 above will get an opportunity to participate in this celebration offer.

8. Calling on the Toll-Free number 1800 419 7575 and registering an entry in accordance with the aforesaid instructions does not confer upon the caller any right to win the Celebration Offer.

9. The Prizes will be given to the actual callers whose details are provided in the IVRS. Upon verification, if the same is found inaccurate then the person shall not be eligible for the prize, even if he/ she has won it.

10. a. For claiming the prizes, the winners have to submit either of the following documents as the address proof, which is mandatory;

i) Driver license or ii) Passport or iii) Voter identity Card.

b. The winner shall also be required to furnish a photo copy of his/her PAN CARD which is mandatory.

A. All first time eligible entries will hear a message containing Five Oral Care tips.

B. It is however clarified that subscribers who have opted for DND (Do Not Disturb) facility with their respective service providers shall not be receiving the intended Call.

12. Details of the Celebration Offer Prizes are as follows;

Prizes - Details - Total

Scholarships - Worth Rs. 1 lakhs - 8

Laptops - Acer Aspire 5733 - 40

School Kit - School Bag, Sipper, Compass Box, 12 Notebooks. - 320

13. From the registered entries of the Celebration Offer, Colgate will randomly select total of 368 entries, who will get a chance to win Scholarships worth Rs 1,00,000/- or Laptops or School kits. The selection of winners will be done by random sampling by computer. Colgate does not have any discretion, choice or hand in such process.

14. Colgate makes no representation or warranties as to the quality, suitability or merchantability of the prizes.

15. Colgate shall not be liable for any loss or damage whatsoever that may be incurred or for any personal injury that may be suffered as a result of use of the prizes.

16. The prizes to be given to the winners are as per discreation of the Company. Such prizes cannot be exchanged or redeemed for cash. The make, construct of laptops are as per the discretion of Company and the actual products may differ with the pictorial depiction which are indicative in nature. Such products cannot be exchanged or redeemed for cash.

17. Persons registering in this Celebration offer, authorize Colgate to send voice messages and SMS alerts/messages to their mobile/landline numbers. .

18. The name of the persons winning the Celebration Offer will be announced on and in major national publications by 31 October 2012.

19. Colgate would not be liable or held responsible for any lack or lapse in any communication on account of failure or delay by any of the Internet, Telecom, SMS and E-mails service provider. No correspondence in this regard will be entertained.

20. Employees of the Company, its affiliates, Bates India, TravelPort, Net Core, Quasar, MEC and their family members are not eligible to participate in the Celebration Offer.

21. Disputes, if any, will be subject to jurisdiction of the courts at Mumbai only.

22. Holding of the 75 years Celebration Offer is subject to force majeure conditions.

23. The Company reserves its right to change, discontinue, extend the 75 years Celebration Offer, or modify the terms and conditions thereof without giving any prior notice.

24. The decision of the Company with regard to the Celebration Offer is final and binding.

25. No cash claim whatsoever can be made in lieu of prize.

26. Prize is subject to change without prior notice.

27. The information received by Colgate from the IVRS and is privileged and confidential. The same shall remain the exclusive property of Colgate.

For more details visit :

NTPC Scholarships

NTPC Limited (A Govt. of India Enterprise)

NTPC Scholarships


“NTPC Limited, Maharatna and India’s number 1 power generation company, invites applications for grant of 35 Scholarships under ‘NTPC Scholarship Scheme’ for meritorious Schedule Caste/ Schedule Tribe/ Physically Challenged students, who are pursuing 4 years full time Engg. degree course in any one of the disciplines of Electrical, Mechanical, Instrumentation, Computer Science, Electronics/ Telecommunications from an institute recognized by the Govt. of India and have successfully passed their first year examinations in first attempt in 2011 completed 2nd year 2012 & pursuing 3rd year full time Engineering degree course in the session 2012-13.

For downloading ‘Application Format’ and other details, please log on to NTPC website –

The Applications, duly completed, should be sent to

Shri P.M. Mathew, Deputy General Manager (HR), NTPC Ltd., NTPC Bhawan, 7, Institutional Area, SCOPE Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi – 110 003 through the Head of the Institute so as to reach us latest by 25.09.2012.

( For details you may also refer to the Employment News issue dated 25.08.2012)

For more details visit :

11 September 2012


        The Last Leaf

- O. Henry

       O Henry is the pen name of American writer William Sydney Porter. Porter’s 400 short stories are known for their wit, wordplay, characterization and the clever use of twist endings. O Henry stories are famous for their surprise endings, to the point that such an ending is often referred as an “O Henry ending”.

    In a short story, The Last Leaf O' Henry describes how an old painter sacrifices his own life to save the life of a young artist.
    At the top of a three-story building, Sue and Johnsy had their studio. Sue and Johnsy were young artists. Johnsy was known as Joanna, she was from Maine. Sue was known as Sudie, from California.

    One day in November Johnsy was severely attacked by pneumonia, an illness. She lay on her side bed looking through the window at the blank wall of the next house. She was very upset with her illness.
    One morning doctor invited, he examined Johnsy. Doctor said that Johnsy was seriously ill. The chance of her living depends on her want to live so she should have interest for her life. The doctor left the place. Then Sue settled herself to draw a picture for a magazine story. But then she found that Johnsy was counting the number of leaves of decayed ivy-vine on the brick wall. Sue asked her what was there is to count. Then she replied that she would die when the last leaf fell. Johnsy goes on counting the leaves. Sue was irritated and worried of Johnsy's stupidity but tried a lot to make her comfortable.
    Sue when to Old Behrman, a sixty-year-old man to request him to be a model for her painting. Behrman, who lived on the ground floor of the same building. He was a failure in art. He wanted to paint a masterpiece but never yet begun it. For several years, he had painted a blend of paint in the line of advertising or commerce. He earned a little by serving as a model to young artists. He was paid. He drank gin to excess and always talked about his masterpiece which was never begun. He considered himself to be a guardian of the two young girls.
    Sue told him about Johnsy's fanciful fears. Behrman laughed at Johnsy's foolish thoughts.
Johnsy continued to think that she would die when the last leaf fell. Johnsy was sleeping when Behrman and Sue went upstairs. They went to another room and peered out the window fearfully at the ivy-vine. That night it rained heavily and the violent wind went on blowing throughout the night. But, the very next day, Johnsy found the last leaf remaining on the ivy-vine, then she realized that it was a sin to want to die. The doctor found that Johnsy's condition was improved.

    Later Sue told Johnsy that Behrman died of pneumonia. He went out during the fearful night of rain and winds to paint the last leaf on the brick wall. As a result, he attacked pneumonia and died. But his painting saved the life of Johnsy. The wonderful portrait of the characters made the picture a masterpiece. It ends with the death of Behrman. But, initially pneumonia severely attacked Johnsy but the end the story ends with the death of Old Behrman.

Video of O.Henry's The Last Leaf



- O.Henry

O Henry is the pen name of American writer William Sydney Porter. Porter’s 400 short stories are known for their wit, word play, characterization and the clever use of twist endings. O Henry stories are famous for their surprise endings, to the point that such an ending is often referred as an “O Henry ending”.
 Soapy is a young man. He has no house and job of his own. In summer he sleeps on the pavements or in the parks. But now he is worried of coming cold winter and he believes that he was to suffer from bitter cold. He was aimless. Finally he realised to save himself from the cold. He has no other option. Hence he decided to go his winter home (Blackwell's Island prison). He believes that if he can manage to go to prison he will be sure of food and bed for the next three months. So, he tries his best to get himself arrested.

    As a first attempt to get arrested, he enters a posh restaurant. He thought that there he would eat good dinner. After completion of good dinner he reveals that he would not have money to pay the bill. Then they would handed him over to the police.

    But the moment he enters the door, looking at his broken old shoes and torn clothes. The head waiter turned him out of the restaurant.

    As an another attempt of his journey to prison, he started shouting in the streets. But the policeman excuse him saying that he is a college gay and has every order shout.
As the first two attempts were successful, Soapy throws a stone at a shop with a glass window, bright with electric lights. Then immediately a police man came there and enquired the man who had broken the window.

    Soapy came forward saying that he had thrown the stone. But the cop refused to believe Soapy. The police said that a man who broke the window never stayed there to be arrested.

    With these two incidents Soapy is greatly disappointed. Later, he went to an ordinary hotel where he had a big dinner. After he refused to pay the bill because he did not have money, but he asked them to call the cop. Then the waiters beat him hard and thrown out of the restaurant. Thus arrest seems to be an umbrella, but the umbrella man asked Soapy to take it if it was his. Actually it is not his.
At last Soapy reached a park opposite it there was an old  church. The sweet music of the church bells and the anthem played by organist bring about a sudden and wonderful change to his soul. Then he decided to live honestly. He wanted to be a man of himself. He will find work and will be somebody in the world. But suddenly a policeman appeared there and arrested him.

    The Magistrate gave judgment saying that he would be sentenced for next three months. He was arrested for his overstay in the park.

    So as long as Soapy wanted to get arrested himself but he was not arrested. But when he regrets his past and decides to live honestly, he was arrested. That is the irony of life.



- O.Henry 


O Henry is the pen name of American writer William Sydney Porter. Porter’s 400 short stories are known for their wit, word play, characterization and the clever use of twist endings. O Henry stories are famous for their surprise endings, to the point that such an ending is often referred as an “O Henry ending”. The Thanks Giving Day is written by O Henry.

        The Thanks Giving Day is a very special holiday in the United States brimming with celebration and charity. It’ time to give thanks and to offer help to those in need. But in the story the two gentlemen will go to extremes in order to fulfill the true spirit of Thanksgiving.

        Old Pete is a homeless man. He has a tradition of meeting an Old  Gentleman at bench in Union Square every Thanksgiving Day for nine years. He is tall and thin sixty years old man. He was aristocratic-looking . Each year the Old Gentleman invites Pete to a fancy restaurant and treats him to a huge holiday dinner. Then he eats  the dinner and old man sits idle by his side on the bench in the park.

       This year, however , as Pete is making his way to the park bench, the two rich old ladies of ancient family on Fifth Avenue stop him, invite him into their home and served him like a king with more sumptuous than traditional fare.

      Pete is fully stuffed and sat as usual on the same bench in the park. Then the old man came as usual. Pete doesn't have the heart to disappoint the kind old man. He goes along with Old Gentleman to their traditional restaurant and eats a second huge holiday dinner while his elderly benefactor watches and smiles Pete says thanks to Old Gentleman for a fine dinner.

     They both departed Pete towards the North and old gentleman to the South.

      Later that day, they fell unconscious Pete brought to the hospital, the victim of his two holiday dinners. Soon after, within an hour the Old Gentleman is brought to the hospital for his starving.

       From this story 'Thanksgiving Day' O'Henry makes it very clear that most of the times Philanthropic comes more harm than good. It's a sad drama of ironic generosity. One is over eaten and another is starving for two days.


Thank the Nurse

"Thank the Nurse"

1. Doctors and Physicians diagnose and prescribe.
Surgeons can operate but they don't save your life.
For when the fever's burning, who helps you through the night
Gives you medication and checks your vital signs?
When you wake up in recovery who's right there by your side? 
With a smile and reassurance, restoring your self-pride.

Thank the Nurse that's nursing you.
The one that nursed you through.
Thank the Nurse that's nursing you,
For saving your life....for saving your life..

2. Oh, the Doctor is important of that we can't deny.
But when you get down to it, the Nurse keeps you alive.
The one who cleans your body and bandages your wounds.
The one who makes your bed, gives you medicine and food.
Helps you through contractions, until the pain subsides.
Encourage you to make it 'till you hear your baby cry!

Thank the Nurse that's nursing you.
The one that nursed you through.
Thank the Nurse that's nursing you
For saving your life....for saving your life...

3. When you're sick and convalescing you're seldom in the mood
To pay attention to the one attending you.
So full of rack and worry you think you'll lose your mind.
You survived the accident but all your friends have died.
When the orderly is sleeping and physician can't be found
No need for apprehension a nurse is making rounds!

Thank the Nurse that's nursing you.
The one that nursed you through.
Thank the Nurse that's nursing you
For saving your life....for saving your life...


The song Thank the Nurse shows how important nurses are to patients facing darkest hours, particularly in war. It is suggested that physicians provided all important care to those wounded in the war.  But this song gives more respect t o nurses than doctors.

    This song Thank the Nurse is all about what nurses do to save and improve the lives of people. It compares the nurses to Physicians. As the song is only Thank You to nurses, it has less a story. It relates to the characteristics of the living things. The song has a general chorus.

    The lines in the song emphasizes about the round the clock care of the nurse. It talks about the important role of a nurse. This kind of care is not associated with any great technical skill. However, it focuses on psychosocial care. The Nurse ‘helps’ you, stays by your side, smiles and offers reassurance, encourages you, cleans you, makes your bed, gives medicine and food, and makes rounds. Surely the song has many suggestions that nurses make to keep one alive.

    Then there are physicians’ lines. These are almost shocking, as they actually suggest that nurses are more important. It says that the physicians diagnose, prescribe and operate, but often they ‘cannot be found’ and finally they don’t save your life. As key parts of the health care team, nurses and physicians with statement of his society is that physicians save lives and nurses are their helpers.

    The most important thing is the firm psychological care that dominates the song. The song gives no direct sense of patient advocacy. These lyrics neither tell about the skill nor about the advanced physical care. Here the nurses seem to be doing all of these things as part of their own duties, rather than at the directions of physicians. This at least implies autonomy.



Saving My Friend Ellen, a short passage has taken from Lois Lowry’s novel ‘Number the Stars’. It explains the theme of bravery and true friendship. It is based on conversations with those who were living during World War II.
Saving my friend Ellen is the story of ten-year-old Annemarie Johansen and her best friend Ellen Rosen. German soldiers were looking for Jews on every street. Life becomes painful for people. During that period there were many problems including food shortage, insufficient fuel and night curfews. In 1943 Demark was occupied by Nazis, they decided to arrest all Danish Jews.

                Looking for missing Jews, one morning soldiers arrived at Johansen’s house. They demanded Johansen’s to revel where Rosen family is. Actuary Ellen Rosen, a Jewish, is rescued by Johansen’s family. Soldiers checked each and every corner of the house but, they did not find anyone in the house. Finally they found two children in Annemarie’s bedroom.

                Annemarie noticed that these soldiers were different from the one on the street corner. Annemarie’s parents were tense. Their parents thought that Nazis recognized that one of Mr. Johansen’s daughters is blond and had straight hair; Whereas Ellen had dark-hair and curl one. Then Annemarie introduced herself and Ellen as her sister.

                Annemarie’s father move swiftly with his finely thinking gets back the photos of his daughters with their names at the bottom. He showed them as evidence that the photo clearly shows Lise had hair similar to Ellen.
                The German soldiers unwillingly accept it as proof. The officer tore the photograph in half and dropped the pieces on the floor. Later, they left the house.

                  Annemarie and her parents saved Ellen bravely hiding her at home and make soldiers to believe that Ellen is Lise Margrete for true friendship.

                                SAVING MY FRIEND ELLEN


1. What did Annemarie see from her bedroom door?
Saving My Friend Ellen is a story about Annemarie Johansen and Ellen Rosen. Ellen is a Jewish girl rescued by Anna and her family from Jews. Annemarie heard the soldier’s talk. She did see the heavy uniformed man, a holstered pistol at his waist.

2. What had the soldiers come to enquire about?
Saving My Friend Ellen is a story about Annemarie Johansen and Ellen Rosen. German soldiers were looking for missing Jews one morning soldiers arrived at Johansen’s house. They demanded Johansen’s to revel where Rosen family is.

3. Which nationality did the soldiers belong to? (Or)
4. What did the soldiers start doing?  Why? (Or)
7. Describe the soldiers who came to their house?
Saving My Friend Ellen, by Lois Lowry, the Nazis are a group of people helping Hitler in getting rid of all the Jews. The book is set in Denmark during World War II. In number the stars; we could see how the Nazis were violent, careless, rude, loud, and demanding. When the soldiers came they pulled Ellen’s hair, pounded loudly on the door late at night. They yelled after Annemarie’ mother when she asked them not to frighten the sleeping kids. They even ripped up the picture of Lise. This says that are very dreadful people.

5. What did Annemarie ask Ellen to do? Why?
Saving my friend Ellen is the story of ten-year-old Annemarie Johansen, Her friend Ellen Rosen and her family. Annemarie whispered to Ellen to remove her necklace, because soldiers may recognize with necklace.

6. What did Annemarie finally do the chain?
Saving my friend Ellen is a story about Annemarie Johansen and Ellen Rosen. Annemarie tried to take necklace off, but she could do that. Finally she grabbed the little gold chain pulled with all her strength and removed it.

8. Why did the officer grab Ellen’s hair?
Ellen is a ten year old Jewish girl and a friend of Annemarie. She is very quiet and calm. Though she is fearful of the Nazis, she is able to keep calm and courageously pretends to be Lise Johansen, but not Jewish. Looking for the missing Jews, the Nazis arrive at the Johansen’s house one morning at 4 a.m. When the Johansen try to show Ellen as their second daughter, the soldiers do not agree. They pointed out that Ellen has dark hair while Annemarie is blonde.

9 The father did not lose his presence of mind. Give examples to support this statement.
Annemarie Johansen’s father was trying to hide Ellen. He became very cautious. When the Nazis knew that Rosens have disappeared they arrived at the Johansen’s house at 4 a.m. looking for missing Jews. When the Johansens try to pass off Ellen as their daughter, the soldiers point out that Ellen has dark hair while Annemarie is blonde.
    In response, Mr. Johansen produces baby pictures of his three daughters, showing them that Lise was dark-haired as an infant. The Nazis reluctantly accept this as proof but cruelly mutilated the pictures before leaving.


"Lady with the Lamp"

I don't mind, please don't misunderstand —
I know the score of war.
A soldier's life is give and give
And then they ask for more.
Walking on the picket line
Where my comrades fell,
Holding up the thin-red-line
In the shot and shell.

The lady with the lamp, You know she understands.
The lady with the lamp, She's the soldiers' friend.

I don't mind the blistering heat,
I think I can endure.
It's freezing cold and I can't feel my feet —
Well, that's the hell of war.
I never thought about the big red wound
When I saw my comrades fall.
Now I'm in this cold and lonely room
Wondering if I'll live at all.

The lady with the lamp, You know she understands.
The lady with the lamp, She's the soldiers' friend.

First they use us And then they throw us away.
Only Miss Nightingale Knows the price that we pay,

The lady with the lamp.
Excuse me please, a cup of tea,
I've such a terrible thirst.
Would you please come and sit with me,
I feel it's come to the worst.
Write my mother that I love her so,
I can't seem to hold the pen.
Take this keep-sake and send it home,
To those I'll never see again.

The lady with the lamp, You know she understands.
The lady with the lamp, She's the soldiers' friend.

She will hold his hand, Stay with him to the end.
You know she understands, She's the soldier's friend.


Florence Nightingale’s lasting contribution has been her role in finding the modern nursing profession. She set a shining example for nurses everywhere in the world. She is nurse of compassion, commitment to patient care, and diligent and thoughtful hospital administration.

‘The Lady with the Lamp’ describes the suffering of the British soldiers in the Crimean war. It also describes what Nightingale did to help the soldiers. She was a pioneer of modern nursing, and a noted statistician known for most famous contribution came during the Crimean war.

She and her nurses found wounded soldiers being badly cared by medical staff. She felt there was official indifference in treatment. Medicines were in short supply, hygiene was neglected and man infections were common. The military hospitals were dirty and rundown. Florence made sanitary improvements which helped in bringing down the mortality rate.

Florence was generous with soldiers. She would talk with them and comfort them as she made her rounds. This boosts soldiers’ hope. When Florence made her rounds at night, she carried a lamp with her to light her way and became known as the lady with the lamp.

In this song we can perceive the hell of war. We can see that the wounded soldiers life is just give and give and then ask for more. This could be seen as Nightingales’ advocacy and work for the soldiers. The red clad British soldiers were helped by her when they were shot and wounded.

She has never minded blistering heat and freezing cold while serving them. She is there to help and comfort the soldiers.

A Service of Love

A Service of Love
- O.Henry

O Henry is the pen name of American writer William Sydney Porter. Porter’s 400 short stories are known for their wit, word play, characterization and the clever use of twist endings. O Henry stories are famous for their surprise endings, to the point that such an ending is often referred as an “O Henry ending”.

Human Interest is based on one’s love (one loves one’s Art no services seems too hard) for his best love story.

Joe Larrabee came from the Middle West. He was a genius in painting. When he was six years old child, he drew a picture of the town pump with an important person passing in a hurry. At twenty with a small amount of money, he left for New York to learn painting.

Delia Caruthers came from the South. She was a promising singer. Her relatives collected a small amount for Delia to go to New York and to learn music.

Joe and Delia met at a studio, they fell in love and in a short time they were married. They began to live in a flat and were very happy as they had their art.

    Joe was painting in the class of the great Magister and Delia was studying under Rosenstock, a famous musician. Their aims were clear. Joe would learn to paint old gentle man with side whiskers and thick purses. Delia was going to master the piano and fell concert halls all over the country.
After a while art became weak. They had spent all their money. They did not pay the fees to Mr Magister and Mr Rosenstock. Delia felt that she must give music lessons to buy their food. One evening she came with high hopes. She had found a pupil General A.B.Pikney’s daughter, Clementia. She is eighteen years old. Delia had to give three lessons a week. For that she would get fifteen dollars per week. Joe did not happy with it. He wanted to earn some money. But Delia insisted that Joe should not give up his studies.

    During all the next week Joe had an early breakfast. Joe was very must interested in morning-effect sketches. He was doing in the central park. Delia lived at 7’O clock and he would return at 7’O clock in the evening.

At the end of the week, Delia proudly threw five-dollar bills on the center table. She complained about Clementia, trying her patience. She commented on their house, their drawing room and the rugs that covered the floor. And they Joe, with pride, drew forth a ten a five, a two and one dollar and laid them beside Delia’s earnings. He said Delia that he had sold one of his paintings and had ordered another an oil sketch of Lackwanna goods yard. Both of them were very happy that they had thirty two dollars on hand.

On next Saturday evening Joe reached home first. He washed his hands which had a great deal of paint .Half an Hour later, Delia arrived her right hand tied up in a shapeless bundle of wraps and bandages. Joe was concerned.

Delia told the story of Clementia who wanted Welsh rabbit at five in the afternoon. The general had the dish prepared. Clementia was so nervous that she poured it hot on Delia’s hands and wrist. But general Pinkney was concerned and sent someone out a drugstore for some oil and things to bind it up with.

Joe pulled out some white threads beneath the bandages and asked what this is?

Delia replied that the bandage had some oil on it. Joe asked what time in the afternoon had she been burn. Delia said five o’clock. Joe drew her to the sofa, sat beside her and put his arm across her shoulders. He asked her “what have you been doing for the last two weeks. She could not lie any longer. She put her head down and started crying. She said that she worked at a place where ironing shirts in twenty four street laundry. But she was happy that at least Joe could sell his paintings.

Delia asked him that what made him suspect that she wasn’t giving music lessons to Clementina. Joe replied that he did not suspect till that night. It was he who had sent up cotton waste and oil from the Engine-room that afternoon to a girl who had her hand burned with an iron. Joe had been working the Engine in that laundry for the last two weeks.

Joe’s buyer from Peoria and Delia’s General Pinkney were both the creations of the same art. They were creations of imaginations.
Both of them began to laugh and said when one loves ones art no service seems too hard-when one loves.


Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...