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25 December 2010

Inspiring Thougt

Inspiring thought by Thomas Edison


'I will not say I failed 1000 times, I will say that I discovered there are 1000 ways that can cause failure.'


1 November 2010

Inspirational quote

Inspirational Quote

Study while others are sleeping; work while others are loafing; prepare while others are playing; and dream while others are wishing.
- William Arthur Ward

28 October 2010

Facts about Bill Gates

Facts about Bill Gates

Bill Gates

1. Bill Gates earns US$250 every SECOND, that's about US$20 Million a DAY and US$7.8 Billion a YEAR!
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2. If he drops a thousand dollar, he won't even bother to pick it up bcoz the 4 seconds he picks it, he would've already earned it back.
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3. The US national debt is about 5.62 trillion, if Bill Gates were to pay the debt by himself; he will finish it in less then 10 years.
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4. He can donate US$15 to everyone on earth but still be left with US$5 Million for his pocket money.
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5. Michael Jordan is the highest paid athlete in US. If he doesn't drink and eat, and keeps up his annual income i.e. US$30 Million, he'll have to wait for 277 years to become as rich as Bill Gates is now.
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6. If Bill Gates was a country, he would be the 37th richest country on earth.
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7. If you change all of Bill Gate's money to US$1 notes, you can make a road from earth to moon, 14 times back and forth. But you have to make that road non-stop for 1,400 years, and use a total of 713 BOEING 747 planes to transport all the money.
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8. Bill Gates is 40 this year. If we assume that he will live for another 35 years, he has to spend US$6.78 Million per day to finish all his money before he can go to heaven.
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9. Last but not the least: If Microsoft Windows' users can claim US$1 for every time their computers hang because of Microsoft Windows, Bill Gates will be bankrupt in 3 years !!!!!!! !!!!
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Life is a book...




Life is a BOOK We all read it, 
Love is BLESSING we all need it, 
Always be HAPPY, 
Always have a SMILE, 
Remember in this World we are just for WHILE !!

English is a funny language

English is a funny language

In what other language do people drive in a parkway and park in a driveway?

Why does night fall but never break and day break but never fall?


Why is it that when we transport something by car, it's called a shipment, but when we transport something by ship, it's called cargo?


Why are people who ride motorcycles called bikers and people who ride bikes called cyclists?


In what other language do they call the third hand on the clock the second hand?


Why is it called a TV set when you get only one?


Why - in our crazy language - can your nose run and your feet smell?


Sometimes you have to believe that all English speakers should be committed to an asylum for the verbally insane:


If olive oil is made of olives, what do they make baby oil from?


If a vegetarian eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian consume? 


A writer is someone who writes, and a stinger is something that stings.
But fingers don't fing and grocers don't groce.


If the plural of tooth is teeth, shouldn't the plural of booth be beeth?


If the teacher taught, why isn't it also true that the preacher praught?


If harmless actions are the opposite of harmful actions, why are shameless and shameful behavior the same?


English is a language in which you can turn a light on and you can turn a light off and you can turn a light out, but you can't turn a light in;
In which the sun comes up and goes down, but prices go up and come down.
In which your nose can simultaneously burn up and burn down and your car can slow up and slow down, in which you can fill in a form by filling out a form and in which your alarm clock goes off by going on.
English is a crazy language. What is it that when the sun or the moon or the stars are out, they are visible, but when the lights are out, they are invisible; and why when I wind up my watch, I start it, but when I wind up this essay, I shall end it?


Tricky Plurals

We'll begin with a box, and the plural is boxes;
but the plural of ox became oxen not oxes.
One fowl is a goose, but two are called geese,
yet the plural of moose should never be meese.
You may find a lone mouse or a nest full of mice;
yet the plural of house is houses, not hice.
If the plural of man is always called men,
why shouldn't the plural of pan be called pen?
If I spoke of my foot and show you my feet,
and I give you a boot, would a pair be called beet?
If one is a tooth and a whole set are teeth,
why shouldn't the plural of booth be called beeth?
Then one may be that, and three would be those,
yet hat in the plural would never be hose,
and the plural of cat is cats, not cose.
We speak of a brother and also of brethren,
but though we say mother, we never say methren.
Then the masculine pronouns are he, his and him, but imagine the feminine, she, shis and shim.
Lets face it, English is a crazy
language!

Honesty

Honesty

A distinguished young woman on a flight from Switzerland asked the priest beside her, "Father, may I ask a favor?"

"Of course. What may I do for you?"

"Well, I bought an expensive! Electronic hair dryer that is well over the Customs limits and I'm afraid they'll confiscate it. Is there any way you could carry it through Customs for me? Under your robes perhaps?"

"I would love to help you, dear, but I must warn you:  I will not lie."

"With your honest face, Father, no one will question you."

When they got to Customs, she let the priest go ahead of her. The official asked, "Father, do you have anything to declare?"

"From the top of my head down to my waist, I have nothing to declare."


The official thought this answer strange, so asked, "And what do you have to declare from your waist to the floor?"

"I have a marvelous little instrument designed to be used on a woman, but which is, to date, unused."

Roaring with laughter, the official said, "Go ahead, Father - - Next
!"

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Never be angry

Never be angry

'Don't ever be angry on your friends...
Because at the last moments of our life,
we remember not the words of our enemies..
but the silence of our FRIENDS...'

5 October 2010

Winners vs Losers

Winners vs Losers


Winners have dreams;Losers have schemes.Winners see the grains;Losers see the pain.Winners see the potential;Losers see the past.Winners make it happen;Losers let it happen.Winners see possibilities;Losers see problems.Winners makes commitments;Losers makes promises.Winners are a part of the team;Losers are apart from the team.Winner always has a programmedLoser always has an excuse.Winner says "Let me do it for you";Loser says "That is not my job".Winners say "I must do something";Losers say "Something must be done".Winner is always a part of the answer;Loser is always a part of the problem.Winner sees an answer for every problem;Loser sees a problem for every answer.Winners believe in win/win;Loser believe for them to win, someone has to lose.Winner says "It may be difficult but it is possible";Loser says "It may be possible but it is too difficult".Winner makes a mistake. He says "I was wrong";Loser makes a mistake; he says "It wasn't my fault".So, be a Winner.

24 August 2010

Interesting Story

Don’t worry if you do not have some facility

A jobless man applied for the position of 'office boy' at Microsoft. The HR manager interviewed him then watched him cleaning the floor as a test. 'You are employed' he said. Give me your e-mail address and I'll send you the application to fill in, as well as date when you may start.

The man replied 'But I don't have a computer, neither an email'. 'I'm sorry', said the HR manager. If you don't have an email that means you don’t exist. And who doesn't exist, can’t have the job.'

The man left with no hope at all. He didn't know what to do, with only $10 in his pocket. He then decided to go to the supermarket and buy a 10Kg tomato crate.

He then sold the tomatoes in a door to door round. In less than two hours, he succeeded to double his capital. He repeated the operation three times, and returned home with $60.

The man realized that he can survive by this way, and started to go every day earlier, and return late. Thus, his money doubled or tripled every day. Shortly, he bought a cart, then a truck, and then he had his own fleet of delivery vehicles.

5 years later, the man is one of the biggest food retailers in the US. He started to plan his family's future, and decided to have a life insurance.

He called an insurance broker, and chose a protection plan.

When the conversation was concluded the broker asked him his email. The man replied, ‘I don't have an email.'

The broker answered curiously, 'You don't have an email, and yet have succeeded to build an empire. Can you imagine what you could have been If you had an e mail?!!' The man thought for a while and replied, 'Yes, I'd be an office boy at Microsoft!'

19 May 2010

Memory Techniques

Memory Techniques

There are some tips to remember what you have read previously.

1. Know Your Purpose

Everyone should have a purpose for their reading and think about how that purpose is being fulfilled during the actual reading. The advantage for remembering is that checking continuously for how the purpose is being fulfilled helps the reader to stay on task, to focus on the more relevant parts of the text, and to rehearse continuously as one reads. This also saves time and effort because relevant items are most attended.

2. Association

If you want to memorize something it should be memorable. That doesn’t necessarily mean the perfect date or football play – it means you need to make it mean something to you
Associate whatever it is you need to remember with whatever you think of instantly. For instance, you meet a person named Suhan, you think September. Use that association to remember that person’s name.
If you take new information and tack it to an older pathway of memory in the brain, it is more easily absorbed.

3. Mnemonics

Another way of making something memorable is to use a mnemonic. For example,“Every good boy deserves fudge” stands for the lines of the treble cleft in music: E, G, B, D, F.

4. Linking is another technique that works.

Take the words/items/numbers you need to remember and make them into a story or visualize a picture of it. For instance if you need to go to the pet store and also need to pick up wine and get a passport photo, you can picture your dog wandering around with a bottle of wine and traveling the world .

5. Memorable Chunks

Chunking works well for long strings of numbers like bank cards.
The human mind can remember about 7 things at a time, give or take a couple, so if you are given a string of 15 numbers, it is easier for you to remember chunks of it than the whole string.
For instance:
196391125091
1963 – The year the Beatles came to America
911 is 9-1-1
250 – The price of coffee and a doughnut at the local coffee shop.
91 – The year you bought your house

6. Think in Pictures/Visualization

A picture may not be worth a thousand words, but it can certainly capture the essence of dozens of words. Moreover, pictures are much easier to memorize than words. Those memory wizards who put on stage shows owe their success (as do card counters in casinos) to use of gimmicks based on mental pictures. Ordinary readers can use to good effect the practice of making mental images of the meaning of text. The highlighted key words in text, for example, if used as a starting point for mental pictures, then become very useful for memorization.

7. Rehearse As You Go Along

Read in short segments (a few paragraphs to a few pages, depending on content density), all the while thinking about and paraphrasing the meaning of what is written.
To rehearse what you are memorizing, see how many of the mental pictures you can reconstruct. Use headings and highlighted words if needed to help you reinforce the mental pictures. Rehearse the mental pictures every day or so for the first few days after reading.

8. Rehearse Soon After Reading Is Finished

At the reading session end, rehearse what you learned― right away. Avoid distractions and multi-tasking because they interfere with the consolidation processes that enable longer-term memory.

9. Read the information.

Read the information then look away and try to repeat it. Read the information again. Then look away and try to write it.

10. Check yourself.

Ask a friend or relative to test you. You need to be sure you truly remember what you've been working on!

11. Overlearn.

To remember information for a long time, review many times. Review on different days. Practice until it's easy to recall.

12. Memory Devices

You can also make up special memory devices to help you remember. For example, to remember the order of the planets, students sometimes create a silly sentence to help them. Each word in the sentence starts with the letter of the name of the planet. Like this: My Very Early Mother Just Saw Us Near Paris. This stands for Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto. Try this for information that you need to remember in sequence.

13. Discuss What You’re Reading

Some of the books we remember most vividly are those that we read in our high school English class. Why? It is the practice of nearly every teacher to have lively class discussions and debates over each section of a book. In discussing the book we were able to process the information as a group, bouncing ideas off each other and hearing different perspectives.

14. Rule of Five

Finally, and probably the most “old school”, is the technique of review – or Rule of Five. How many times did you review multiplication tables in school?
Most of what we learn is forgotten within 24 hours. The pathway established deteriorates. But if you review it:
1. One hour later
2. One day later
3. One week later
4. One month later
5. One quarter later
You can firm up the pathway that is the memory in the brain. This is the basis for long term memory.
Short term memory is only about 30 seconds long, anything longer does have the potential to stay - pathways are being built. So, if you can remember something for more than 30 seconds, you are well on your way to keeping it in mind longer.


we live in a society where memory is important, but remember what Albert Schweitzer said: “Happiness is nothing more than good health and a bad memory.”

***All the best***

28 April 2010

Common Mistakes in English


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Common mistakes in English

Good or Well

Good is an adjective and well is an adverb. Many people, including many native speakers, incorrectly use the adjective form good, rather than the adverb well.
Examples:
I did good on the test. INCORRECT! - Correct form: I did well on the test.
She played the game good. INCORRECT! - Correct form: She played the game well.
Use the adjective form good when describing something or someone. In other words, use good when stating how something or someone is.
Examples:
She is a good tennis player.
Tom thinks he is a good listener.
Use the adverb form well when describing how something or someone does something.
Examples:
She did extremely well on the exam.
Our parents think we speak English well.

Bring Take Fetch/Get

The use of bring and take is confusing for many students. The choice between bring or take depends on the location of the speaker. If the speaker refers to something that is at her current location, she uses bring. Generally, use bring when something moves from there to here.
Examples:
I'm glad you brought me to this shop. It's great!
I'll bring the map with me on the trip.
If the speaker refers to something that has been moved to a different location, she uses take. Generally, use take when something moves from here to there.
Examples:
The coach took the boys to football field.
Jack took his laptop with him on his trip.

Fetch/Get

When speaking about going somewhere and getting something and then bringing it back, use get (American English) or fetch (British English).
Examples:
Could you get the newspaper?
She fetched her diary and showed him the entry.

Everyone

Use everyone as a pronoun to mean all the people in a group.
Examples:
Do you think everyone will want to come to the party?
She wants everyone to leave comments on her blog.

Every one

Use every one as a noun to indicate each person.
Examples:
Every one of the students has a question about the grammar.
My boss told every one of the employees himself.
Do you understand the rules? Test your

Everyday
Use everyday as an adjective to mean 'daily'.
Examples:
Peter has an everyday appointment with his boss for briefings.
Susan has an everyday yoga class at five pm.

Every day
Use every day as a time expression to mean 'each day'.
Examples:
Peter studies Russian every day.
She pratices the piano three hours every day.

Whether / If

Both whether and if are used to introduce a yes/no question:
Examples:
He asked me whether I felt well.
We're not sure if they have decided.
The verb discuss generally takes whether rather than if.
Examples:
We discussed whether he should be hired.
They discussed whether to invest in the new idea.
After Prepositions
Use only whether after prepositions:
Examples:
We talked about whether we should go or not.
I looked into whether he should stay.
Infinitives
Use only whether before infinitives:
Examples:
She can't decide whether to buy the house or wait.
He considered whether to give up the position or quit next year.
Formal / Informal
Generally, whether is considered more formal than if.
Examples:
Let me know whether you will be able to attend the conference.
The CEO will decide whether this is a risk worth taking.

Enough

Adjective / Adverb + Enough
When enough modifies an adjective or an adverb place enough after the adjective / adverb:
Examples:
Do you think he is strong enough to lift that weight?
I think it's warm enough to take a walk without my jacket.
Enough + Noun
When enough modifies a noun, place enough before the noun:
Examples:
He has enough money to buy a ticket.
She said there were enough participants to begin the study.

A Little - A Few / Little - Few

A little and little refer to non-count nouns, and is used with the singular form:
Examples:
There's little wine left in the bottle.
I've put a little sugar into your coffee.
A few and few refer to count nouns, and are used with the plural form:
Examples:
There are a few students in that classroom.
He says few applicants have presented themselves.
A little and a few convey a positive meaning.
Examples:
I've got a little wine left, would you like some?
They've got a few positions open.
Little and few convey a negative meaning.
Examples:
He's got little money left.
I have few friends in Chicago.

A Lot, Lots Of, A Lot Of

These three expressions are used in informal English. They can mean either a great quantity of or a large number of and can be rather confusing at times. Here are the general rules for their use.

A Lot Of / Lots Of

These two expressions both mean a great deal of or several. They are used before a count or non-count noun. These two expressions tend to be used in informal English.
Examples:
We need a lot of people for this game.
She likes lots of jam on her toast.
A Lot
Use a lot at the end of a sentence as an adverb. A lot is NOT followed by a noun. The meaning is the same as a great deal.
Examples:
I enjoy swimming a lot.
Mary seems to travel a lot.

Female - Feminine / Male - Masculine

Female / Male
Use female or male when referring to the sex of people, plants and animals.
Examples:
The female bear can be ferocious when defending its cubs.
Are you female or male?
Feminine / Masculine
Use feminine or masculine when referring to a characteristic that you feel is representative of the male or female of the species.
Examples:
Some people feel that he is rather feminine.
The decorating was very masculine in that house.
Femininity / Masculinity
These are the noun forms and refer to the state of being either feminine or masculine.
Examples:
Feminiity was viewed as a curse when displayed by males before the twentieth century.

It's vs. Its

It's is the contracted form of It is. This form is used in sentences using "they" as the subject of the sentence with the verb "to be" used as either the helping verb (e.g. It's going ..., It's raining ...) or the principal verb of the sentence.
Examples:
It's difficult to find work these days.
It's going to rain soon.
Its is the possessive pronoun form. This form is used to express that "it" has a specific quality, or that something belongs to "it".
Examples:
I found its taste to be superb!
Its color is deep red, almost Burgundy.

Too vs. Two vs. To

Too means "also" and is generally used at the end of a sentence. "Too" also indicates too much of a particular quality.
Examples:
That car is too expensive for me!
I'd love to come to the party, too.
Two is the written form of the number 2.
Examples:
There are two applicants for the job.
She has two cats.
To is generally used as a preposition. It is also used as part of the infinitive form of verbs.
Examples:
I gave the book to him.
The verb "to understand" is irregular.

They're vs. There vs. Their

They're is the contracted form of They are. This form is used in sentences using "they" as the subject of the sentence with the verb "to be" used as either the helping verb (e.g. They're going ..., They're playing ...) or the principal verb of the sentence.
Examples:
They're working hard this week.
They're very interested in helping out.
There is used as an introductory subject is sentences with "There is" and "There are". It is also used as an adverb of place meaning "in that place".
Examples:
There are many people in that room.
That's my house over there.
Their is the possessive pronoun form. This form is used to express that "they" have a specific quality, or that something belongs to "them".
Examples:
Their house is in Los Angeles.
He liked their looks!

You're vs. Your

You're is the contracted form of You are. This form is used in sentences using "you" as the subject of the sentence with the verb "to be" used as either the helping verb (e.g. You're going ..., You're watching ...) or the principal verb of the sentence.
Examples:
You're going to have a great time!
You're much better at tennis than Jim.
Your is the possessive pronoun form. This form is used to express that something belongs to "you".
Examples:
Your wife is such a kind woman.
I think your skills are outstanding.

Since vs. For with Present Perfect

Since is used with the present perfect to express that something has happened since a point in time.
Examples:
I've lived here since 1999.
She's been working hard since two this afternoon.
For is used with the present perfect to express that something has happened for a period of time.
Examples:
I've worked at this job for 10 years.
Peter's been playing tennis for two hours.

Have vs. Of in Conditional Forms

Of is used instead of have in conditional forms due to pronunciation (e.g. I would of visited New York if I had had the time.). "Of" is a preposition whereas "have" is an auxiliary verb used in conditional forms. Examples:
He might have left early on vacation.
She would have attended if you had asked her to come.

Has gone to vs. Has been to

... has/have gone to ... refers to someone who has gone to a place but has not yet returned.
Examples:
He's gone to the bank. He should be back soon.
Where has Tom gone?
... has/have been to ... refers to a place which someone has visited sometime in his life. In other words, "has been to" refers to an experience.
Examples:
He's been to London many times.
I've been to Disneyland twice.

Then vs. Than

Then is used as a time expression.
Examples:
I'll see you then.
I'll be at the party. We can speak then.
Note: It is not used in the form "different than" which is used for comparisons.
Than is used for comparisons.
Examples:
He's lived here longer than I have.
His skills are very different than mine.
Double Negatives
When using the negative form of a verb (e.g. He isn't working ..., They aren't going to ...) do not use a negative quantifier such as nobody, nowhere, etc.
Examples:
They aren't going anywhere special. NOT They aren't going nowhere special.
She hasn't spoken to anyone yet. NOT She hasn't spoken to nobody yet.

So … I
So + Auxiliary Verb + Subject
Use "so ... I" in a positive sense to show that we feel the same way as another person, or have performed the same action. Change the auxiliary verb related to the original statement. The form is usually used in the first person singular, however, other forms are also possible.
Examples:
He flew to Geneva last summer. - So did she.
I'd love to visit Poland some day. - So would I.
I'm meeting a colleague tomorrow. - So am I.

Neither … I

Neither + Auxiliary Verb + Subject
Use "neither ... I" in a negative sense to show that we feel the same way as another person, or have performed the same action. Change the auxiliary verb related to the original statement. The form is usually used in the first person singular, however, other forms are also possible.
Examples:
I haven't had a promotion for a long time. - Neither have I.
They weren't sure they had the resources to complete the job. - Neither were we.
She won't be able to attend the conference. - Neither will I.
Structures using 'such' and 'so' are similar in meaning, but different in construction. The main difference between the two structures is that 'such' takes a noun phrase, whereas 'so' takes an adjective.

'Such … that'

'Such … that' takes a noun or modified noun in a noun phrase. 'That' can be used following the noun phrase but is not required.
such + adjective + noun + (that)
Examples:
The recording was such a disappointment that I didn't buy any more from that artist.
It was such an expensive car that the didn't buy it.

'So … that'

'So … that' takes an adjective. 'That' can be used following the noun phrase but is not required.
So + adjective + (that)
Examples:
The game was so fascinating (that) he played for hours.
Our vacation apartment was so luxurious (that) we didn't want to leave.
'So' for Results
'So' can also be used to express a result. In this case 'so' is followed by a full clause:
Examples:
I had a lot of time so I visited the museum.
She wasn't happy in her current position so she looked for a new job.

Both … and

Subjects connected by 'both … and' take the a plural conjugation.
Examples:
Both Alice and Janice attended USC.
Both Jim and Peter are attending the conference in New York this weekend.

Either … or

'Either … or' is used in sentences in a positive sense meaning "one or the other, this or that, he or she, etc." Verb conjugation depends on the subject (singular or plural) closest to the conjugated verb.
Examples:
Either Peter or the girls need to attend the course. (second subject plural)
Either Jane or Matt is going to visit next weekend. (second subject singular)

Neither … nor

'Neither … nor' is used in sentences in a negative sense meaning "not this one nor the other, not this nor that, not he nor she, etc.". Verb conjugation depends on the subject (singular or plural) closest to the conjugated verb.
Examples:
Neither Frank nor Lilly lives in Eugene. (second subject singular)
Neither Axel nor my other friends care about their future. (second subject plural)

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