30 November 2015

PUBLIC COMPETITION FOR Waterless & Odourless Toilets 2015

  Waterless & Odourless Toilets 
Government of India, Ministry of Railways 
Research Designs and Standards Organization

Image result for indian railways
In response to Hon’ble Prime Minister’s clarion call for a clean India under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan Indian Railways has decided to go in for a public competition for Waterless Odorless toilets in trains. The central idea of this competition is to develop such a design which shall not have foul smell and use no water for operation and maintenance.

Submission of Entries:
Last Date of Submission: 31st December 2015, 1700 hrs.
Submission to be mailed to:

Entries received after the stipulated time shall not be considered for competition. The entries should be marked in the subject line as “ENTRY FOR COMPETITION FOR WATERLESS ODOURLESS TOILETS”.

Guidelines for submission of entries:  

A. Technical details for the Entry Proposal:
1. Present Design, Difficulties being faced in the present Design and Expectations from new Design are given in the enclosed Annexure “A”.  
2. In the beginning it should have a brief explanation (about half page) of the Design and how it achieves the cleaning of toilets without water and prevent emanation of foul smell.
3. It may include drawings and material details to illustrate the design.
4. It should provide a cost assessment of proposed design for setup and operation  
5. It should specify the consumables and power requirement of the proposed design, if any
6. It should specify the assessed life of the designed component
7. It should include plan for disposal of waste and environment impact, if any.

B. General Details for the Entry Proposal:
1. It should be made only in A‐4 size.
2. It should be limited to 10 pages with the overall file size not exceeding 5MB.
3. The writeup should either be submitted in Hindi or English
4. The write up to be submitted in clearly readable PDF format with font size equivalent to 12 in the single line spacing in Hindi or in English. In case submission is in other language, it must be submitted with translations in either Hindi or English.
5. The design should be original work of the participant and must not infringe the Intellectual Property Rights of any third party.  
6. It could be an individual project or a team project.
7. No reference of the identity of the person(s) submitting should be made in the proposal. If done so, it shall debar the entry from consideration
8. The bio‐data, Contact Details (mobile no. , email id etc.), and affiliations of the applicant to be sent separately in mail (not as part of the technical writeup).  
9. It is strongly advised not to wait till the closure time for submission of entries. Railways shall not be responsible for late/ non receipt of entries on account of server errors/ traffic.

C. Other Conditions:
1. The final selected design shall become the intellectual property of the Ministry of Railways and the designer shall not have any right over the same.  
2. Railways may decide to associate with the proposer for further development of the proposed design.
3. The responsibility to comply with the guidelines and other conditions fully lies with the participant and the Ministry of Railways shall not be liable for any dispute raised by a third party.  
4. Any dispute arising out of this competition shall be subject to local jurisdiction of Lucknow.
5. Unsuccessful entries shall be intimated through email and Ministry of Railways shall not have any right over the same.

D. Selection Process and Award:
1. All the entries received by the stipulated date and time and found in order, shall be evaluated by a Jury of distinguished experts from Railways, Industry and Academia/Research field.  
2. Five (5) entries, found worth considering for getting more details, shall be short-listed for final selection. The shortlisted Designers would be required to make a presentation to the Jury.   
3. The date, time and venue of the presentation shall be communicated separately to the shortlisted designers.
4. Following prizes will be given to five (5) shortlisted designers; (i) First Prize, Rs. 3 Lakh (ii) Second Prize, Rs. 1.5 Lakh   (iii) Three consolation Prizes, Rs.25,000/‐ each
5. Result of competition is expected to be announced by 28th    Feb 2016 & will be intimated to participants through email and published on website :;

(Executive Director/ Research)
Research Designs & Standards Organization, Lucknow

29 November 2015

Effects of Lexical Density and Lexical Variety in Language Performance and Proficiency

Effects of Lexical Density and Lexical Variety in Language
Performance and Proficiency


The aim of the present study is to explore the effects of lexical density and lexical variety in language 
performance and proficiency of the written scripts of tenth 
class regional medium students. The exam scripts are 
collected as data, the learners aged between 14 and 16
years. The main purpose of the study is to establish the use 
of lexicon in the written scripts would exhibit language 
knowledge of the learners. The cognitive theory of 
learning used in the present study to ascertain the use of 
measures i.e. lexical density and variety would aid in the 
language learning. Brown’s (1973) observations showed 
that there was a predictable order of acquisition of certain 
morpheme in English. Jean Ure’s (1971) basic method of 
lexical density is used to analyze the data. Robinson’s 
(1995) measure of complexity is used to find out the 
lexical variety. This reliable and valid measure of lexical 
density and variety in the written scripts will be useful for 
determining the factors that affect the language 
performance and proficiency which is related lexicon.

Lexical density, Lexical variety, Language performance, 
Language proficiency, Vocabulary, Lexicon.

For full paper click here

For full paper click here

22 November 2015

Osmania University Advanced PG Diploma Courses in Healthcare Admission Notification 2015

Directorate of Admissions
Osmania University, Hyderabad
Admission Notification 2015
Advanced PG Diploma Courses in Healthcare

Osmania University Advanced PG Diploma Courses in Healthcare Admission Notification 2015

21 November 2015

The Indian Navy Sailors Recruitment SSR 2016

The Indian Navy Sailors Recruitment SSR 2016

The Indian Navy 2016
Invites applications from unmarried male candidates for enrolment as sailors for senior secondary recruits (SSR) - 02/2016 batch course commencing August 2016

Potti Sreeramulu Telugu University Directorate of Distance Education Admission Notification 2015

Potti Sreeramulu Telugu University

Nampally, Hyderabad 

Telangana 500004

Directorate of Distance Education

Admission Notification 2015

JNTU ANANTAPUR Ph.D. MPhil Admission Notification 2015


Anantapur-  515 002 A.P.



JNTU ANANTAPUR Ph.D. MPhil Admission Notification 2015

JNTUA invites applications for Ph.D. Full time/External Ph.D., M.Phil. M.S. Research programmes in the following faculties Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, ECE, CSE, CheE, Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics, Bio-Technology, Food Technology, Management Science, English.

19 November 2015

Swamy Vivekananda A Biography by Nikhilananda

Swamy Vivekananda  A Biography
by Nikhilananda

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To View /  download click  Swamy Vivekananda A Biography

18 November 2015

Unisys Cloud 20/20

Unisys Cloud 20/20

Unisys Corporation is an American global information technology company based in Blue Bell, Pennsylvania, that provides a portfolio of IT services, software, and technology. And it has launched Cloud 20/20, an annual technical paper contest for Indian students. The contest allows students to explore the possibilities and complexities of cloud computing in areas such as automation, virtualization, application development, security, consumerization of IT and airports.
And Unisys Cloud 20/20 is one of India’s biggest online technical project contests. Unisys, in its endeavor to nurture innovation and promote thought leadership in the next generation, will provide a platform to thousands of students from across the country, to present innovative ideas around disruptive technologies.
Today, technologies like mobility, big data, or cloud computing have not only disrupted the status quo, but reshaped the way we live and work. These technologies, which have the potential to solve many of the world’s most complex, pressing issues, are the focus of Cloud 20/20 Version 7.0.
Who can participate: Entering its seventh year, the Unisys Cloud 20/20 Contest is open to research students and post-graduates as well as pre-final and final year engineering students in Computer Science, Information Technology, and other related fields. This contest will give students the opportunity to refine their technical knowledge and marketable skills by working with some of the best minds in the IT industry.
For more details, go through this PDF notification.
Here is a link to the Unisys Cloud 20/20’s website.
The last date to register and submit the project abstracts is December 24, 2015.

Unisys Cloud 20/20

IBM’s The Great Mind Challenge 2016

IBM’s The Great Mind Challenge

IBM’s The Great Mind Challenge (TGMC) promotes students from engineering colleges from across India in their endeavour to develop solutions for real-time problems and scenarios using IBM open source software.It is aimed to encourage students who aspire to make key contributions to develop applications on cutting-edge IBM technologies while providing them with an opportunity to improve their software-writing skills.
Universities provide excellent learning environments, but find it difficult to teach students about an IT transformation in progress unless those driving the transformation – IT companies at the helm of transformation – provide real-time input and support.
TGMC is an outreach of the IBM Academic Initiative, a global program that facilitates the collaboration between IBM and educators to teach students the IT skills they need to be competitive and keep pace with changes in the workplace.
Who can participate: If you are a UG/PG engineering student from an AICTE approved college, all you need to do is register. Form a team consisting of two to three students from your institution. Register yourselves on Bluemix and on TGMC. They will then provide your team with the project scenarios and technical resources to build a super project.
For more details and to register, visit IBM The Great Mind Challenge’s website.
The contest closes on February 15, 2016.
Over to you: Please help us and others by sharing this post with your friends/groups who may find it useful. If you know anyone who would be interested, tag them here in the comments/share this post with them.

IBM's The Great Mind Challenge (TGMC)

Campus Diaries’ 25 Under 25

Campus Diaries’ 25 Under 25

The search for India’s finest young artists, technologists and innovators is on. Final 25, selected in each category, get life-changing opportunities and a chance to get mentored by some of the world’s best professionals.
Campus Diaries’ 25 Under 25 is the search for India’s best and most talented young creators – students and young professionals – under the age of 25 in the categories – Writing, Photography, Visual Art & Design, Science & Technology.
You can participate if you are under 25 and based in India.
If selected, you will get an opportunity to work on some pathbreaking projects, assignments from world class companies and organisations, an invitation to the Grand Summit and exclusive interactions with your heroes and the Grand Jury. And most importantly, being a part of India’s finest community of talented, young creators.
For more details and to register, visit  Campus Diaries’ 25 Under 25’s page.
The last date to submit your entries on November 30, 2015.

Campus Diaries' 25 Under 25

India Post CPU Letter Writing Competition 2016

Details of the 45th CPU Letter Writing Competition 2016

India Post Logo

Subject: Write a letter to your 45 old self

Eligibility: Children up to 15 years of age as on 31.3.2016

Content must be presented in the form of a letter not exceed 1000 words length on the given topic.

Date & Time: 3rd January 2016 (Sunday) 10 am to 11 am.

Language: English and any other languages listed in the 8 schedule of the constitution of India.

Last date of submission of forms: 21.12.2015

The best entry at the national level shall qualify as the Official Indian Entry for the International level Competition

for more information visit

India Post CPU Letter Writing Competition 2016

INDIA POST Republic Day 2016- Stamp Design Competition

Ministry of Communication and Information Technology
Government of India
Republic Day 2016- Stamp Design Competition

India Post Logo
Notification for “Republic Day 2016- Stamp Design Competition”
Department of Posts is holding a Stamp Design Competition. The theme of the competition is “Vibrant India”.
Entries are invited for ‘Republic Day 2016- Stamp Design Competition’. The theme of the competition is“Vibrant India”. The participants are to make an original design on this subject (should not be copy of picture painted by someone else).
Eligibility: Any citizen of India can participate in this contest. The design could be in ink, water, colour, oil colour or any other medium (Computer printed/ printout will not be allowed). The design submitted should be such that can be depicted on the stamps in a visually appealing manner so as to be of interest to philatelic collectors. 
How to apply: Participants are free to use drawing paper, art paper or any other type of white paper of A4 size.
The following particulars should be written legibly on the reverse of the design:

  1. Name of the participant*
  2. Age*
  3. Gender
  4. Nationality*
  5. Full and complete residential address with Pin Code*
  6. Phone/Mobile Number*
  7. E-mail ID(if Available)

 *It is compulsory to provide the information. 
The entries should reach on following address by 30.11.2015. The entries received after last date of receipt will not be entertained.
ADG (Philately)
Room No. 108(B),
Dak Bhawan
Parliament Street, New Delhi-110001

For more information visit INDIA Stamp Design Competition

15 November 2015

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
A P J Abdul Kalam

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931. He was the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. A career scientist turned politician, Kalam was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, and studied Physics and Aerospace Engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space programme and military missile development efforts. He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He also played a pivotal organizational, technical, and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998.
Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and the then-opposition Indian National Congress. Widely referred to as the "People's President",  he returned to his civilian life of education, writing and public service after a single term. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.
While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015, aged 83. 

Maulana Kalam Azad

Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad

Maulana Azad

Abul Kalam Azad
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.jpg
Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad was born on 11 November 1888. He was an Indian scholar and a senior political leader of the Indian independence movement. He became the first Minister of Education in the Indian government. In 1992, he was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna. He is commonly remembered as Maulana Azad; the word Maulana is an honorific meaning 'learned man', and he had adopted Azad (Free) as his pen name. His contribution to establishing the education foundation in India is recognised by celebrating his birthday as "National Education Day" across India.
As a young man, Azad composed poetry in Urdu language, as well as treatises on religion and philosophy. Azad became the leader of theKhilafat Movement, during which he came into close contact with the Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi. Azad became an enthusiastic supporter of Gandhi's ideas of non-violent civil disobedience and worked to organise the non-co-operation movement in protest of in 1919. Azad committed himself to Gandhi's ideals, including promoting Swadeshi (indigenous) products and the cause of Swaraj (Self-rule) for India. In 1923, at an age of 35, he became the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress.
He served as Congress president from 1940 to 1945, during which the Quit India rebellion was launched. Azad was imprisoned, together with the entire Congress leadership, for three years.
National Education Day (India) an annual observance in India to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first education minister of independent India, who served from 15 August 1947 until 2 February 1958. National Education Day of India is celebrated on 11 November every year in India.

12 November 2015



The IBM PC and its clones generally use 8 bits (electrical pulses) to make up a byte (computer word.) A ninth "odd bit" is used for error checking (parity testing) to make sure the other eight bits are not accidentally erased or lost during storage or use by the computer.

Bits are like alphabet characters and bytes are like the words made up from alphabet characters. Bits and Bytes are used to measure information by the computer.

Smallest unit of information recognized by the computer. BIT is short for Binary Digit. A Binary Digit can be either a 0 or a 1. Several bits make up a byte.

A group of 8 BITS. This grouping of adjacent binary digits (bits) is operated on by the computer as a unit. Computers use 1

BYTE to represent 1 character such as a letter of the alphabet, a number, a punctuation mark, a space, etc. A BYTE is also a unit of measure since it represents 1 character.
For example, when the letter "A" is pressed, the keyboard actually sends the following to RAM: 10000001 - a set of 8 bits.

Foundation for Excellence Scholarship 2015

Foundation for Excellence Scholarship 2015

FFE Logo
The Scholarship Program provides financial and other assistance to students for their higher education in India. Assistance is available to any qualified student, irrespective of the applicant's caste, community, gender or religion. To qualify for a scholarship, an applicant must be studying in a course approved by the Foundation and meet specified eligibility criteria.
 The primary focus of the Scholarship Program is to assist students for studies in professional courses leading to degrees in engineering, technology, or medicine.

New, first time applicants are eligible to apply for a scholarship only when they are in the first year of a professional degree course in engineering, technology or medicine. To qualify for a scholarship, applicants must meet certain academic excellence and family income requirements.
Academic Eligibility Criteria
  • Only the professional degree courses BE/B Tech, Integrated 5-Yr Dual-Degree M Tech and MBBS are eligible for scholarships. Diploma students admitted to BE, B Tech courses on a lateral basis, B Arch, BDS & B Pharma students are not eligible.
  • Only first year applicants beginning their studies in BE, B Tech, Integrated 5-Yr Dual-Degree M Tech or MBBS in the academic year 2015-16 are eligible.
  • The applicants should have passed their Higher Secondary/Pre-University/Intermediate/ CBSE/ISC or equivalent board qualifying examination not earlier than in 2014.
  • The applicants should have scored not less than 70% marks at the qualifying examination.
  • The applicants' admissions to their professional degree courses/institutions should be on the basis of the open/general merit rank awarded to them at the state or national level entrance tests or through a counseling process conducted at the state level (as in the case of Tamil Nadu), as per the table given below.


Course Category and StatesMaximum Eligible Rank
Engineering and Technology (BE, B Tech) Courses 
Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Gujarat, Odisha, Punjab, Uttarakhand and Nagaland - JEE (Main) (Overall All India Rank - Not State or Category Rank)1,00,000
For students joining the IITs, the eligibility/selection cutoff criteria will be the total marks scored at the JEE (Advanced) by the last ranked General Category student admitted. 
Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka7,500
Rajasthan, Kerala, Punjab, West Bengal and Chattisgarh4,000
Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Puducherry, Jharkhand, Bihar, Assam and Jammu & Kashmir1,000
Goa, Chandigarh, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Andaman & Nicobar Islands500
Medicine (MBBS) Course 
Applicants admitted based on National Level Tests like AIPMT (Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Odisha, Haryana, Chattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Jharkhand, Chandigarh, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh and Andaman & Nicobar Islands), AIIMS, BHU PMT, JIPMER, etc., will be considered on the basis of their respective merit marks and ranks. 
Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu1,200
Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Gujarat, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab and Puducherry750
Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Gujarat, West Bengal, Bihar, Punjab and Puducherry500
Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Tripura, Goa and Sikkim150

The above state-wise rank cut-off limits are based on the official seat intake capacities of the various states as authorized by the AICTE (All India Council of Technical Education) for degrees in engineering/technology and by the MCI (Medical Council of India) for degrees in medicine.
Family Income Criteria
  • The gross family income criteria is Rs. 1,80,000 per year. Gross income refers to the income before deductions for taxes or other purposes.
  • In addition to gross family income, the education and occupation of parents as well as family members including elder brother(s) and sister(s), the family's living conditions and the total expenses being incurred by the family on the applicant's education will be taken into consideration for determining the financial eligibility of an applicant.
  • Applicants who are the first graduates of the family will be preferred over applicants who are the second or third child of the family taking up graduation.
  • Where parents of applicants are employees, a salary/pay slip from the employer is mandatory. The salary/pay slip should clearly show the family member's gross monthly salary with full details of his/her basic salary and all allowances and deductions. The employer and the facilitator should certify the salary/pay slip. Submission of an Income certificate from a local or other government authority in lieu of a salary/pay slip is not acceptable.
  • Where parent(s)/guardian(s) are retirees/pensioners, a pension statement from the pension authority and/or from an authorized bank showing the gross monthly pension of the family member, inclusive of any supplementary allowances and before any deductions is required. Pensioners should also provide documents to show the official status or designation, gross salary drawn at the time of retirement and the name of the employing organization. If the parent/guardian has recently retired under a voluntary retirement scheme, reasons for retirement, and amount of lump sum benefits received on retirement should be disclosed.
  • Where parent(s)/guardian(s) are in business or self-employed, income certificate issued by any government authority or the income tax return should be submitted in support of the gross family income specified in the application. Specific details of the nature and size of the business or self-employment should also be provided.
  • Where parent(s)/guardian(s) are agriculturists or have farming or cultivation as their source of income, an income certificate from a recognized or competent authority should be submitted. Details of the nature and size of the land holding, crops grown, etc. wet or dry land irrigation should also be provided.
FFE Office,
840 MHT House, 1st Floor, 5th Main,
Indiranagar, 1st Stage,
Bangalore 560 038

Phone No.(080) 2520 1925

Foundation for Excellence Scholarship 2015
ELG-BE, BTech, MBBS 1st year Student

For more information visit 


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