31 August 2015

TSPSC Group IV Exam Syllabus







1. Current affairs.
2. International Relations and Events.
3. General Science in everyday life.
4. Environmental Issues and Disaster Management.
5. Geography and Economy of India and Telangana.
6. Indian Constitution : Salient Features.
7. Indian Political System and Government.
8. Modern Indian History with a focus on Indian National Movement.
9. History of Telangana and Telangana Movement.
10. Society, Culture, Heritage, Arts and Literature of Telangana.
11. Policies of Telangana State.


1) Mental Ability. (Verbal and non-verbal)
2) Logical Reasoning.
3) Comprehension.
4) Re-arrangement of sentences with a view to improving analysis of a passage.
5) Numerical and Arithmetical abilities.



Paper     Subject                                     No.of Questions      Duration              Max.marks

1       GENERAL KNOWLEDGE          150                       150Minute           150
2       SECRETARIAL ABILITIES          150                       150 Minutes         150
                                                                                             TOTAL MARKS 300

(Source: TSPSC Website)

TSPSC Group I Exam Syllabus


TSPSC Group I Syllabus



Subject                                                                                             Duration (Hours)    Max. Marks
Preliminary Test
General Studies & Mental ability (Objective Type) 150 Questions      2 ½                    150
(A) Written Examination (Main)                                                        3                        150
General English (Qualifying Test)

Paper-I General Essay
It will have to cover the following topics
1. Contemporary Social issues and Social Problems.
2. Issues of Economic Growth and Justic                                              3                        150
3. Dynamics of Indian Politics
4. Historical and Cultural Heritage of India
5. Developments in Science and Technology
6. Education and Human Resource Development.

Paper-II – History, Culture and Geography
1. History and Culture of India, with special reference to
Modern Period (1757 to 1947 A.D)
2. History and Cultural Heritage of Telangana                                      3                            150
3. Geography of India and Telangana

Paper –III – Indian Society, Constitution and Governance
1. Indian Society, Structure, Issues and Social Movements                  3                            150
2. Constitution of India
3. Governance

Paper –IV – Economy and Development
1. Indian Economy and Development
2. Telangana Economy 3 150
3. Development and Environmental Problems
Paper- V – Science & Technology and Data Interpretation
1. The role and impact of Science and Technology
2. Modern Trends in application of knowledge of Science                    3                           150
3. Data Interpretation and Problem Solving

Paper-VI - Telangana Movement and State Formation
1. The idea of Telangana (1948-1970)
2. Mobilisational phase (1971 -1990)
3. Towards formation of Telangana State (1991-2014)                         3                             150
                                                                                                                                TOTAL: 900
Interview                                                                                                                                100
                                                                                                                GRAND TOTAL 1000





1. Current Affairs – Regional, National & International.
2. International Relations and Events.
3. General Science; India’s Achievements in Science and Technology.
4. Environmental Issues: Disaster Management- Prevention and Mitigation Strategies.
5. Economic and Social Development of India.
6. World Geography, Indian Geography and Geography of Telangana state.
7. History and Cultural Heritage of India.
8. Indian Constitution and Polity.
9. Governance and Public Policy in India.
10. Policies of Telangana State.
11. Society, Culture, Heritage, Arts and Literature of Telangana.
12. Social Exclusion: Rights issues such as Gender, Caste, Tribe, Disability etc. and inclusive policies.
13. Logical Reasoning: Analytical Ability and Data Interpretation.

Written Examination (Main)

General English (Qualifying Test)


1 Spotting Errors – Spelling; Punctuation
2 Fill in the blanks – Prepositions; Conjunctions; Verb tenses
3 Re-writing sentences – Active and Passive voice;
Direct & Reported Speech; Usage of Vocabulary
4 Jumbled sentences
5 Comprehension
6 Précis Writing
7 Expansion
8 Letter Writing


(Candidate should write three Essays, selecting one from each Section compulsorily. Each
Section contains three Questions. Each Essay carries 50 marks.)
1. Contemporary Social Issues and Social Problems.
2. Issues of Economic Growth and Justice.
1. Dynamics of Indian Politics.
2. Historical and Cultural Heritage of India.
1. Developments in Science and Technology.
2. Education and Human Resource Development.


I. History and Culture of India, with special reference to Modern Period (1757 to 1947 A.D.)
1. Early Indian Civilizations-Indus and Vedic; Emergence of Religious Movements in the sixth century
BC - Jainism and Buddhism; Indo- Greek Art and Architecture – Gandhara, Mathura and Amaravathi
Schools; Social and Cultural condition under the Mauryan, Satavahanas and Guptas .

2. Advent of Islam and its impact on Indian Society – Nature and significance of Bhakti and Sufi
Movements; Contribution of Kakatiya, and Vijayanagara rulers to Language, Literature, Art and
Architecture: the contribution of Delhi Sultans and Mughals to Language , Literature, Art,
Architecture and Fine Arts, Monuments; Emergence of Composite Culture in the Deccan and India.

3. The Establishment of British Colonial Rule in India: Carnatic Wars , Battle of Plassey, Anglo-
Mysore, Anglo-Maratha and Anglo-Sikh Wars; Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule: Land
Revenue Settlements in British India; -Commercialization of Agriculture; Rise of Landless Agrarian
Labour; Famines and Poverty;De-industrialization; Decline of Traditional Crafts; Drain of Wealth;
Growth of Trade and Commerce- Economic Transformation of India; Railroads, Transport and
Communication Network- Telegraph and Postal Services.

4. Anti – British uprisings: Tribal and Peasant revolts in the Nineteenth Century-Causes and
Consequences of 1857 revolt. Factors responsible for the rise of Indian Nationalism; Rise and
Growth of Socio- Religious and Anti-Caste Movements: Brahma Samaj, Arya Samaj, Aligarh
Movement, Satya Shodak Samaj, Jotiba and Savithribhai Phule, Pandita Ramabai, Narayana Guru,
Ayyankali, Annie Beasant; Non- Brahmin, Justice and Self-Respect Movements: Periyar, Mahatma
Gandhi, Ambedkar and others.

5. Three Phases of Indian Freedom Struggle, 1885-1947. The rise and growth of All India Kisan
Sabha, Workers and Tribal movements; Issue of Gender and Women’s movement; Growth of
Socialist and Communist Movements; Growth of Communalism; Independence and Partition of

II. History and Cultural Heritage of Telangana.

1. History and culture of Ancient Telangana – Satavahanas, Ikshvakus and Vishnukundins; Rise and
growth of Jainism and Buddhism; Socio-Cultural - Conditions- Language, Literature, Art and

2. Medeival Telangana and the emergence of composite culture - Kakatiyas and Velama kingdoms
and their contribution to Socio- Cultural Development, Literature, Music, Dance, Art and
Architecture; Qutub Shahis and their contribution to Telugu literature, art and architecture. Protest
Movements against Kakatiyas and Qutub Shahis- Sammakka Sarakka and Sarvaipapanna

3. The Establishment of Asaf Jahi Dynasty – Salar Jung Reforms and Modernization of Telangana ;
Socio- Economic development under the Nizams – Land Tenures and Social System, Jagirdars,
Deshmukhs etc.and Vetti– British Paramountcy and Nizam- Revolt of 1857 in Hyderabad and the
role of Turre Baz Khan; Socio- Economic Development during the rule of the sixth and seventh
Nizams - Growth of Railways, Transport and Communication System, Establishment of Industries,
Educational Institutions – Monuments of Asaf Jahi period.

4. Socio-Cultural Awaking in Telangana- Andhra Sarasvath Parishat – Literary and Library Movements;
Establishment of Nizam Rashtra Andhra Jana Sangham – Andhra Mahasabha – Social Reform
Movements -Brahma Samaj, Arya Samaj and Adi- Hindu and Dalit Movements, Role of Bhagyareddy
Varma- Andhra Mahila Sabha and the growth of Women’s Movement. Role of Hyderabad State
Cogress and Vandemataram Movement.

5. Peoples Movement against the Nizam’s Rule – Adivasi revolts – Ramji Gond and Kumaram Bheemu-
Telangana Peasants Armed Struggle – Role of Andhra Mahasabha and the Communists –Majlis-
Ittehadul- Muslimeen Party, Rajakars and Kasim Razvi – Police Action and the End of Nizam’s
Rule – Integration of Hyderabad State into Indian Union.

III. Geography of India and Telangana.

1. India – Physical setting, Physiography, Drainage, Climate- Mechanism of Monsoon, effect of El-
Nino and La Niño, Rainfall variability- Floods and Drought, Soils, Vegetation and Wildlife-
Degradation and Conservation Measures. Major Minerals and Energy Resources- distribution and
conservation, Energy Crisis – role of non-conventional energy resources. Marine Resources –
Economic significance, EEZ. Water resources – availability, problems of inter – state Water sharing,
Conservation Measures.

2. Agriculture and Irrigation – Major Food and Non-Food crops, Agro Climatic Regions, Green
Revolution, recent trends in Agriculture; Major Irrigation Projects and Command Area Development;
Industries- Major Industries - Iron and Steel, Cotton Textiles, Cement, Sugar, Automobile, IT, &
Food Processing Industries, Localisation Factors, Industrial Corridors & Economic Development;
Transportation: Means of Transportation, Role of Road and Rail Network in Economic Development,
Highways and Express Highways; Major Ports – changing trends and direction of India’s Trade -
role of WTO; Strategic location of India in the Indian Ocean; Population – distribution, growth,
Demographic characteristics, Demographic dividend and transition, HDI, Population problems and
Policies. Urbanisation process- Spatial pattern, growth of Megacities, problems of Urban Growth
and Policies, concept of Smart Cities.

3. Geographical extent of Hyderabad State and present Telangana State Physical setting, Relief, Climate,
Rivers, Soils, Forest cover and Wild life–distribution, depletion and conservation. Minerals and
Energy resources - Coal, Iron and Limestone distribution. Thermal and Hydro Power Projects –
Problems and Prospects.

4. Agriculture- Rainfed/Dry land Agriculture, Drought prone areas and Mitigation Measures. Sources
of Irrigation: Canals, Tanks and Wells, Depletion of Ground Water and its conservation- Mission
Kakatiya. Industries – Cement, Sugar, Pharma, Electronic, Tourism, IT, ITIR, SEZs. Handicrafts
and Household Industries and their problems. Road and Rail Network distribution and role in
Economic Development. Population - distribution, growth, density, demographic characteristics
(sex ratio, age, literacy, etc.,) Tribal Population - distribution, problems of Tribal areas and policies
for Tribal Area Development.

5. Urbanisation in Telangana State, Spatio-temporal changes, Urban Growth and Migration. Evolution
and phases of Urban Growth of Hyderabad, transformation from historical to modern cosmopolitan
Megapolis, Primacy of Hyderabad in Telangana State, City structure, Industries and Industrial estates,
urban infrastructure and transport - ORR and Metro - Problems and Planning - role of GHMC and
HUDA (Metropolitan Development Plan – 2031, HMDA), Hyderabad as a Tourist Centre and
Global city.


I. Indian Society, Structure, Issues and Social Movements

1. Indian Society: Salient features, Unity in Diversity; Family, Marriage, Kinship, Caste, Tribe,
Religion, Language; Rural – Urban continuum; Multi-culturalism.

2. Social Exclusion and Vulnerable Groups: Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward Classes,
Minorities, Women, Children, Aged and Disabled.

3. Social Issues: Poverty; Unemployment, Child Labour, Violence against Women; Regionalism;
Communalism and Secularism; Corruption; Caste Conflicts, Problems of Agricultural Labour;
Urbanization; Development and Displacement; Environmental Degradation; Sustainable
Development; Population Explosion; Agrarian Distress; Migration.

4. (a)Social Issues in Telangana: Vetti; Jogini and Devadasi System; Girl Child; Flourosis; Child
Labour; Migrant Labour; Child Marriages.
(b) Social Movements in Telangana.

5. Social Policies and Programmes in India and Telangana: Policies for Women, Children, Aged and
Disabled; Policies for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward Classes and Minorities;
Environmental Policy; Population Policy; Policy on Education; Policy on Health; Poverty Alleviation
Programmes; Welfare Schemes for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward Classes, Women,
Children, Minorities, Aged and Disabled.

II. Constitution of India.

1. Evolution of Indian Constitution: Role of the Drafting Committee; Constitutional Philosophy and
Preamble; Salient features & Basic Structure; Amendments.

2. Fundamental Rights: Nature and Scope; Expanding horizons of Fundamental Rights; Enforceability
against State and others;Welfare State and Distributive Justice under the Constitution; Directive
Principles of State Policy - Rule of Law and Fundamental Duties.

3. System of Government: Parliamentary system, Central Government: President, Prime Minister &
Council of Ministers; Parliament: Powers and Functions; State Government: Governor, Chief
Minister & Council of Ministers; Legislature: Powers and Functions, Legislative Privileges.

4. Judicial System in India: Supreme Court, High Courts & Administrative Tribunals; Subordinate
Judiciary; Judicial Review and Judicial Activism; Independence of Judiciary and Judicial

5. Federal system: Centre-State Relations- Issues and Challenges pertaining to the Federal Structure;
Local Self-Government 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments for sharing of powers - Panchayat
Raj and Municipal Institutions; Resolution of Inter-State disputes with reference to Water Disputes-
Challenges of Implementation.

III. Governance

1. Governance and Good Governance, E-Governance-Applications and Models; Governance at Union
level- Cabinet Secretariat, Prime Minister's Office (PMO), Central Secretariat, Ministries and
Departments; Constitutional bodies-Finance Commission, Election Commission, Union Public
Service Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, National Human Rights
Commission, National Commissions for SCs/ST/Minorities and Women; Parliamentary Committees-
Estimates Committee, Public Accounts Committee, Committee on Public Undertakings.

2. Governance at State and District levels-Secretariat and Directorates and their relationships; District
Administration-Role of Collector, Institutions of Rural and Urban Governance-Powers and Functions,
Systems for delivery of Services; Cooperatives, State Finance Commission; Devolution of Powers
and Finances-Issues and Challenges. Development Corporations for SCs, STs, B.Cs, Minorities
and Disabled Welfare; Control over Administration-Legislative, Executive and Judicial Control.

3. Programmes, Agencies and Institutions working for the development of Urban and Rural Areas;
People Centred Participatory Development; Poverty Alleviation Programmes; Women Empowerment
and Inclusive Growth; Rights related to Health, Food Security and Education-Issues and Challenges.

4. Debates on Development and Development Processes; State and Provision of Services; State and
Market; Involvement of Civil Society-Community Based Organizations (CBOs) and NGOs; Self-
Help Groups, (SHGs), Charities and Stakeholders, Public-Private Partnerships (PPP); Corporate
Social Responsibility.

5. Ethics and Values of Administration; Neutrality of Civil Services, Committed Bureaucracy, Politician
and Civil Servant Relations; Citizen Charters, Gender Sensitization; Transparency and Accountability
of Administration; Prevention of Corruption in Administration- Central Vigilance Commission,
Central Bureau of Investigation, Lokpal, Lokayuktha, ACB and Consumer Protection Mechanisms;
Application and Impact of Right to Information Act-2005; Administrative Reforms.


I. Indian Economy and Development.

1. National Income -Concepts and Measurement of National Income- Nominal and Real Income;
Structure and growth of Indian economy – Sectoral trends in National Income of India

2. Poverty and Unemployment: Concepts of Poverty - Income-based Poverty , non-income Povertycapability approach (Human Poverty Index) , Measurement of Poverty and trends in Poverty;
Concepts, estimates and trends of Unemployment

3. Money and Banking: Money supply, Structure of Indian Banking and non-banking financial
institutions; Reforms in Banking sector; Regulation of credit by RBI

4. Public Finance: Tax structure, Central and state taxes; Government expenditure in revenue and
capital account; Public debt: composition- internal and external debt; Monetary Policy, Fiscal Policy;
Union Budget: Budget Analysis.

5. Planning in Indian economy: Objectives, Priorities, Strategies, Achievements of Five Year Plans;
12th FYP - Inclusive growth ; NITI Aayog; Liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation: Features
and Implications.

II. Telangana Economy.

1. Telangana economy in Hyderabad State (Agriculture, Industry and Trade); Telangana economy in
United AP (1956-2014)- Deprivation and Under development; Structure and Growth of Telangana
economy: Sectoral trends in GSDP ; Per capita income; Income inequalities and Poverty.

2. Human resources: Demographic Structure and Transition , Demographic dividend , (sex ratio, fertility
rate, mortality rates) ; Literacy and Occupation structure

3. Land reforms: I generation (1947-1970) and II generation land reforms (1970 onwards)- Abolition
of Intermediaries : Zamindari, Jagirdari and Inamdari -Tenancy Reforms : Land ceiling ; Land
alienation in Scheduled areas ; Impact of land reforms.

4. Agriculture and Allied sectors: Trends in share of crop and allied sectors in GSDP; Distribution of
land holdings; Trends in Irrigation ; Problems of dry land Agriculture; Dependence on Agriculture;
Cropping pattern Trends ; Trends in productivity; Agricultural Credit, Extension and Marketing;
Cooperatives and Producer Companies

5. Industry and Service sectors: Industrial development; Structure and growth of industrial sector,
Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector , Revival of sick industries; Industrial
infrastructure- Power; Industrial Policy of Telangana; Structure and growth of service sector;
employment trends in Industry and Service sectors; Information and Communication Technology
(ICT) Policy of Telangana.

III. Development and Environmental Problems.

1. Environment vs Development: Definition of Environment , Environmentalism; Environmental
Protection Policy, Environmental Policy Instruments.

2. Natural resources: Forest resources- Commercialization of forests - Forest Acts vs Forest dwellers/
users; Water: surface water and groundwater, competing demand for water - drinking, industrial
and agriculture; Land resources: competing uses of land- food, feed, fuel, and fibre; Mining and
Environment; Sustainability of natural resources.

3. Eco systems and Bio-diversity: Ecology and Eco-system; Food chains in Eco systems, Typology
of eco system; Bio diversity and its conservation, Types of Bio diversity, threat to Bio diversity.

4. Environment pollution and solid waste management, types of solid waste, factors affecting solid
waste generation, impact of solid waste, recycling and reuse.

5. Global Environment Issues: Climate Change, Global Warming and its impact, Sustainable


I. The role and impact of Science and Technology.

1. Classical and Emerging areas of Science & Technology : Value addition by Science & Technology,
Current Science & Technology developments in India and importance of Science & Technology as
an engine for National Development ; Industrial development & Urbanization.

2. National Policy of Science & Technology: changes in Policy from time to time: Technology missions
- ICT: Basics in Computers, Robotics, Nano technology and Communication.

3. Space program in India and its applications with special reference to industrial, agricultural and
other rural development activities, INSAT, IRS systems, EDUSAT and Chandrayaan-1 and future

4. Application of Space Technology in India with references to Education, Agriculture and Industry.
Climatic change, Floods, Cyclone, Tsunami, Natural and Manmade Disaster Management.

5. Energy Resources: Energy demands, Indian energy scenario- hydel, thermal and nuclear. Importance
of renewable resources - Solar, Wind, small/Mini/Micro hydel, Biomass, waste based, geothermal,
tidal & fuel cells. Energy security - Role of Science & Technology, Bio-fuel cultivation and

II. Modern Trends in application of knowledge of Science.

1. Crop Science in India; Characteristics of Plants - Crop plants, Forest species, Medicinal Aromatic
plants, Useful and Harmful plants and utility for mankind.

2. Concept of Biotechnology and application of genetic engineering and Stem Cell Research.
Biotechnology in Agriculture (bio-fertilizers, bio - pesticides, bio- fuels, tissue culture, cloning)
and Environment (Biotechnology in Environmental cleanup process)

3. Food bio-technology, Food safety and Food quality standards, Food Laws and Regulations. Recent
trends in organic farming and farm mechanization. Safe Drinking Water – Defluoridation and other

4. Microbial infections; Introduction to bacterial, viral, protozoal and fungal infections. Basic
knowledge of infections caused by different groups of micro organisms- diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera,
tuberculosis, malaria, viral infections like HIV, encephalitis, chikungunya, bird flu- preventive
measures during out breaks.

5. Vaccines: Introduction to immunity, Fundamental concepts in vaccination and traditional methods
of vaccine production ( production of DPT and Rabies vaccine), Production of modern vaccines
(production of Hepatitis Vaccine).

III. Data Interpretation and Problem Solving.

1. Data Analysis – Analytical Interpretation of statistical Data, Study of Graphs and Charts - Bar
graphs, Line graphs and Pie- charts and drawing conclusions.

2. Problems based on Tabular and Diagrammatical Data - Problems based on Probability Logical
Reasoning, Analytical and Mental ability.

3. Quantitative Aptitude – Number Sequences, Series, Averages, Number Systems, Ratio and
Proportion, Profit and Loss.

4. Time and Work, Speed -Time – Distance, Simple Interest, Analytical and Critical reasoning.

5. Decision Making and Problem Solving: A duly structured situation will be presented to the candidates
and they will be asked to analyze and suggest their own solution to the problem arising out of


I. The idea of Telangana (1948-1970)

1. Historical Background: Telangana as a distinctive cultural unit in Hyderabad Princely State, its
geographical, cultural, socio, political and economic features- People of Telagangana- castes, tribes,
religion, arts, crafts, languages, dialects, fairs, festivals and important places in Telangana.
Administration in Hyderabad Princely State and Administrative Reforms of Salar Jung and Origins
of the issue of Mulkis-Non-Mulkis; Employment and Civil Services Rules under Mir Osman Ali
Khan, VII Nizam’s Farman of 1919 and Definition of Mulki - Establishment of Nizam’s Subjects
League known as the Mulki League 1935 and its Significance; Merger of Hyderabad State into
Indian Union in 1948; Employment Policies under Military Rule and Vellodi,1948-52; Violation of
Mulki-Rules and Its Implications.

2. Hyderabad State in Independent India- Formation of Popular Ministry under Burgula Ramakrishna
Rao and 1952 Mulki-Agitation; Demand for Employment of Local people and City College Incident-
Its importance. Justice Jagan Mohan Reddy Committee Report, 1953 – Initial debates and demand
for Telangana State-Reasons for the Formation of States Reorganization Commission (SRC) under
Fazal Ali in 1953-Main Provisions and Recommendations of SRC-Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s views on
SRC and smaller states.

3. Formation of Andhra Pradesh, 1956: Gentlemen’s Agreement - its Provisions and Recommendations;
Telangana Regional Committee, Composition, Functions and Performace - Violation of Safeguards-
Migration from Coastal Andhra Region and its Consequences;Post-1970 Development Scenario in
Telangana-Agriculture, Irrigation, Power, Education, Employment, Medical and Health etc.

4. Violation of Employment and Service Rules: Origins of Telangana Agitation- Protest in Kothagudem
and other places, Fast unto Death by Ravindranath; 1969 Agitation for Separate Telangana. Role of
Intellectuals, Students, Employees in Jai Telangana Movement.

5. Formation of Telangana Praja Samithi and Course of Movement - the Spread of Telangana
Movement- Major Events, Leaders and Personalities- All Party Accord – Go 36 - Suppression of
Telangana Movement and its Consequences-The Eight Point and Five-Point Formulas-Implications.

II. Mobilisational phase (1971 -1990)

1. Court Judgements on Mulki Rules- Jai Andhra Movement and its Consequences- Six Point Formula
1973, and its Provisions; Article 371-D, Presidential Order, 1975-Officers (Jayabharat Reddy)
Committee Report- G.O. 610 (1985); its Provisions and Violations- Reaction and Representations
of Telangana Employees

2. Rise and Spread of Naxalite Movement, causes and consequences - Anti-Landlord Struggles in
Jagityala-Siricilla, North Telangana; Rytu-Cooli Sanghams; Alienation of Tribal Lands and Adivasi
Resistance- Jal, Jungle, and Zamin.

3. Rise of Regional Parties in 1980’s and Changes in the Political, Socio-Economic and Cultural
fabric of Telangana- Notion of Telugu Jathi and suppression of Telangana identity- Expansion of
new economy in Hyderabad and other parts of Telangana; Real Estate, Contracts, Finance Companies;
Film, Media and Entertainment Industry; Corporate Education and Hospitals etc; Dominant Culture
and its implications for Telangana self respect, Dialect, Language and Culture.

4. Liberalization and Privatisation Policies in 1990’s and their consequences - Emergence of regional
disparities and imbalances in political power, administration, education, employment- Agrarian
crisis and decline of Handicrafts in Telangana and its impact on Telangana Society and economy.

5. Quest for Telangana identity-intellectual discussions and debates- political and ideological efforts
– Growth of popular unrest against regional disparities, discrimination and under development of

III. Towards Formation of Telangana State (1991-2014)

1. Public awakening and Intellectual reaction against discrimination- formation of Civil society
organisation, Articulation of separate Telanagana Identity; Initial organisations raised the issues of
separate Telangana; Telangana Information Trust - Telangana Aikya Vedika, Bhuvanagiri Sabha -
Telangana Jana Sabha, Telangana Maha Sabha - Warangal Decleration - Telangana Vidyarthula
Vedika; etc., Efforts of Telangana Congress & BJP in highlighting the issue.

2. Establishment of Telangana Rashtra Samithi in 2001, Political Realignment and Electoral Alliances
in 2004 and later Phase of Telangana Movement – TRS in UPA- Girgliani Committee- Telangana
Employees Joint Action Committee - Pranab Mukherjee Committee- 2009-Elections-Alliances-
Telangana in Election Manifestos- The agitation against Hyderabad as Free-zone - and Demand for
separate Statehood- Fast-Unto-Death by K.Chandra Shekar Rao-Formation of Political Joint Action
Committee (2009)

3. Role of Political Parties-TRS, Congress, B.J.P., Left parties, T.D.P., M.I.M and other political parties
such as Telangana Praja Front, Telangana United Front etc., Dalit-Bahujan Sanghams and Grass
roots Movement organisations - Other Joint Action Committees and popular protests- Suicides for
the cause of Telangana.

4. Cultural Revivalism in Telangana, other symbolic expressions in Telangana Movement- Literary
forms- performing arts and other cultural expressions- writers, poets, singers, intellectuals, Artists,
Journalists, Students, Employees, Advocates, Doctors, NRIs, women, Civil society groups, organised
and unorganised sectors, castes, communities and other social groups in transforming the agitation
into a mass movement - Intensification of Movement, Forms of Protest and Major events:
Sakalajanula Samme, Non-Cooperation Movement; Million March, etc.,

5. Parliamentary Process; UPA Government’s stand on Telangana- All-Party Meeting- Anthony
Committee- Statements on Telangana by Central Home Minister - Sri Krishna Committee Report
and its Recommendations, AP Assembly and Parliamentary proceedings on Telangana, Declaration
of Telangana State in Parliament, Andhra Pradesh State Reorganization Act, 2014- Elections and
victory of Telangana Rashtra Samithi and the first Government of Telangana State.

(Source: TSPSC Website)

28 August 2015

International Olympiad of Science

International Olympiad of Science

With the objective of promoting science talent in India, Society of Science Education has started this olympiad, where science talent from school to national and higher levels will be recognised and awarded.

Eligibility: Any school student from Class I to XII can apply.

Application: Via school.

Prizes and rewards: Cash prize upto Rs. 51,000.

Deadline: August 31


CRY Fellowship

CRY Fellowship

Every year, CRY invites applications to encourage a community of child rights researchers, who will advocate for child rights.

Eligibility: Any Indian citizen aged 18 or above can apply.

Application: By email or post.

Prizes and rewards Fellowships ranging from Rs. 50,000 to Rs.1 lakh will be awarded for one year.

Last date: August 31, 2015


How you can become a successful engineer - The Hindu

For article click on below link

How you can become a successful engineer - The Hindu

25 August 2015

KU Special Eligibility Test for Admission into BA BCom 2015

Kakatiya University

School of Distance Education 

Special Eligibility Test for Admission into BA BCom 2015

21 August 2015

IIIT, Basar M.Tech Admission Notification 2015

Ravij Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies Basar
M.Tech  Admission Notification 2015

IIIT, Basar invites applications for admission into M.Tech Program in Computational Engineering for Computer Science & Engineering and Electionics & Communication Engineering at RGUKT, Basar from GATE 2014/15  and PGECET 2015 qualified candidates. 

For more information visit website 

Online link will be activated from 22 August to 7 September 2015.

20 August 2015

TSPSC Assistant Executive Engineers recruitment in the State of Telangana

NOTIFICATION NO. 08/2015, Dt. 20/08/2015 

TSPSC Assistant Executive Engineers recruitment 2015

Applications are invited Online from qualified candidates through the proforma Application to be made available on Commission’s WEBSITE ( to the post of Assistant Executive Engineers in Various Engineering Services in the State of Telangana.

i. Submission of ONLINE applications from Dt. 20/08/2015

ii. Last date for submission of ONLINE applications Dt. 03/09/2015 

iii. Hall Tickets can be downloaded 07 days before commencement of Examination. 

The Examination is likely to be held on Dt. 20/09/2015. The Commission reserves the right to conduct the Examination either ONLINE or OFFLINE OMR based examination of objective type.

For more information visit TSPSC WEBSITE

Click here for detailed notification

18 August 2015

List of Homophones

List of Homophones 

Homophones are words which have same pronunciation but different spelling and meaning.

List of Homophones

  1. accessary, accessory
  2. ad, add
  3. ail, ale
  4. air, heir
  5. aisle, I'll, isle
  6. all, awl
  7. allowed, aloud
  8. alms, arms
  9. altar, alter
  10. arc, ark
  11. aren't, aunt
  12. ate, eight
  13. auger, augur
  14. auk, orc
  15. aural, oral
  16. away, aweigh
  17. awe, oar, or, ore
  18. axel, axle
  19. aye, eye, I
  20. bail, bale
  21. bait, bate
  22. baize, bays
  23. bald, bawled
  24. ball, bawl
  25. band, banned
  26. bard, barred
  27. bare, bear
  28. bark, barque
  29. baron, barren
  30. base, bass
  31. bay, bey
  32. bazaar, bizarre
  33. be, bee
  34. beach, beech
  35. bean, been
  36. beat, beet
  37. beau, bow
  38. beer, bier
  39. bel, bell, belle
  40. berry, bury
  41. berth, birth
  42. bight, bite, byte
  43. billed, build
  44. bitten, bittern
  45. blew, blue
  46. bloc, block
  47. boar, bore
  48. board, bored
  49. boarder, border
  50. bold, bowled
  51. boos, booze
  52. born, borne
  53. bough, bow
  54. boy, buoy
  55. brae, bray
  56. braid, brayed
  57. braise, brays, braze
  58. brake, break
  59. bread, bred
  60. brews, bruise
  61. bridal, bridle
  62. broach, brooch
  63. bur, burr
  64. but, butt
  65. buy, by, bye
  66. buyer, byre
  67. calendar, calender
  68. call, caul
  69. canvas, canvass
  70. cast, caste
  71. caster, castor
  72. caught, court
  73. caw, core, corps
  74. cede, seed
  75. ceiling, sealing
  76. cell, sell
  77. censer, censor, sensor
  78. cent, scent, sent
  79. cereal, serial
  80. cheap, cheep
  81. check, cheque
  82. choir, quire
  83. chord, cord
  84. cite, sight, site
  85. clack, claque
  86. clew, clue
  87. climb, clime
  88. close, cloze
  89. coal, kohl
  90. coarse, course
  91. coign, coin
  92. colonel, kernel
  93. complacent, complaisant
  94. complement, compliment
  95. coo, coup
  96. cops, copse
  97. council, counsel
  98. cousin, cozen
  99. creak, creek
  100. crews, cruise
  101. cue, kyu, queue
  102. curb, kerb
  103. currant, current
  104. cymbol, symbol
  105. dam, damn
  106. days, daze
  107. dear, deer
  108. descent, dissent
  109. desert, dessert
  110. deviser, divisor
  111. dew, due
  112. die, dye
  113. discreet, discrete
  114. doe, doh, dough
  115. done, dun
  116. douse, dowse
  117. draft, draught
  118. dual, duel
  119. earn, urn
  120. eery, eyrie
  121. ewe, yew, you
  122. faint, feint
  123. fah, far
  124. fair, fare
  125. farther, father
  126. fate, fête
  127. faun, fawn
  128. fay, fey
  129. faze, phase
  130. feat, feet
  131. ferrule, ferule
  132. few, phew
  133. fie, phi
  134. file, phial
  135. find, fined
  136. fir, fur
  137. fizz, phiz
  138. flair, flare
  139. flaw, floor
  140. flea, flee
  141. flex, flecks
  142. flew, flu, flue
  143. floe, flow
  144. flour, flower
  145. foaled, fold
  146. for, fore, four
  147. foreword, forward
  148. fort, fought
  149. forth, fourth
  150. foul, fowl
  151. franc, frank
  152. freeze, frieze
  153. friar, fryer
  154. furs, furze
  155. gait, gate
  156. galipot, gallipot
  157. gallop, galop
  158. gamble, gambol
  159. gays, gaze
  160. genes, jeans
  161. gild, guild
  162. gilt, guilt
  163. giro, gyro
  164. gnaw, nor
  165. gneiss, nice
  166. gorilla, guerilla
  167. grate, great
  168. greave, grieve
  169. greys, graze
  170. grisly, grizzly
  171. groan, grown
  172. guessed, guest
  173. hail, hale
  174. hair, hare
  175. hall, haul
  176. hangar, hanger
  177. hart, heart
  178. haw, hoar, whore
  179. hay, hey
  180. heal, heel, he'll
  181. hear, here
  182. heard, herd
  183. he'd, heed
  184. heroin, heroine
  185. hew, hue
  186. hi, high
  187. higher, hire
  188. him, hymn
  189. ho, hoe
  190. hoard, horde
  191. hoarse, horse
  192. holey, holy, wholly
  193. hour, our
  194. idle, idol
  195. in, inn
  196. indict, indite
  197. it's, its
  198. jewel, joule
  199. key, quay
  200. knave, nave
  201. knead, need
  202. knew, new
  203. knight, night
  204. knit, nit
  205. knob, nob
  206. knock, nock
  207. knot, not
  208. know, no
  209. knows, nose
  210. laager, lager
  211. lac, lack
  212. lade, laid
  213. lain, lane
  214. lam, lamb
  215. laps, lapse
  216. larva, lava
  217. lase, laze
  218. law, lore
  219. lay, ley
  220. lea, lee
  221. leach, leech
  222. lead, led
  223. leak, leek
  224. lean, lien
  225. lessen, lesson
  226. levee, levy
  227. liar, lyre
  228. licence, license
  229. licker, liquor
  230. lie, lye
  231. lieu, loo
  232. links, lynx
  233. lo, low
  234. load, lode
  235. loan, lone
  236. locks, lox
  237. loop, loupe
  238. loot, lute
  239. made, maid
  240. mail, male
  241. main, mane
  242. maize, maze
  243. mall, maul
  244. manna, manner
  245. mantel, mantle
  246. mare, mayor
  247. mark, marque
  248. marshal, martial
  249. marten, martin
  250. mask, masque
  251. maw, more
  252. me, mi
  253. mean, mien
  254. meat, meet, mete
  255. medal, meddle
  256. metal, mettle
  257. meter, metre
  258. might, mite
  259. miner, minor, mynah
  260. mind, mined
  261. missed, mist
  262. moat, mote
  263. mode, mowed
  264. moor, more
  265. moose, mousse
  266. morning, mourning
  267. muscle, mussel
  268. naval, navel
  269. nay, neigh
  270. nigh, nye
  271. none, nun
  272. od, odd
  273. ode, owed
  274. oh, owe
  275. one, won
  276. packed, pact
  277. packs, pax
  278. pail, pale
  279. pain, pane
  280. pair, pare, pear
  281. palate, palette, pallet
  282. pascal, paschal
  283. paten, patten, pattern
  284. pause, paws, pores, pours
  285. pawn, porn
  286. pea, pee
  287. peace, piece
  288. peak, peek, peke, pique
  289. peal, peel
  290. pearl, purl
  291. pedal, peddle
  292. peer, pier
  293. pi, pie
  294. pica, pika
  295. place, plaice
  296. plain, plane
  297. pleas, please
  298. plum, plumb
  299. pole, poll
  300. poof, pouffe
  301. practice, practise
  302. praise, prays, preys
  303. principal, principle
  304. profit, prophet
  305. quarts, quartz
  306. quean, queen
  307. rain, reign, rein
  308. raise, rays, raze
  309. rap, wrap
  310. raw, roar
  311. read, reed
  312. read, red
  313. real, reel
  314. reek, wreak
  315. rest, wrest
  316. retch, wretch
  317. review, revue
  318. rheum, room
  319. right, rite, wright, write
  320. ring, wring
  321. road, rode
  322. roe, row
  323. role, roll
  324. roo, roux, rue
  325. rood, rude
  326. root, route
  327. rose, rows
  328. rota, rotor
  329. rote, wrote
  330. rough, ruff
  331. rouse, rows
  332. rung, wrung
  333. rye, wry
  334. saver, savour
  335. spade, spayed
  336. sale, sail
  337. sane, seine
  338. satire, satyr
  339. sauce, source
  340. saw, soar, sore
  341. scene, seen
  342. scull, skull
  343. sea, see
  344. seam, seem
  345. sear, seer, sere
  346. seas, sees, seize
  347. sew, so, sow
  348. shake, sheikh
  349. shear, sheer
  350. shoe, shoo
  351. sic, sick
  352. side, sighed
  353. sign, sine
  354. sink, synch
  355. slay, sleigh
  356. sloe, slow
  357. sole, soul
  358. some, sum
  359. son, sun
  360. sort, sought
  361. spa, spar
  362. staid, stayed
  363. stair, stare
  364. stake, steak
  365. stalk, stork
  366. stationary, stationery
  367. steal, steel
  368. stile, style
  369. storey, story
  370. straight, strait
  371. sweet, suite
  372. swat, swot
  373. tacks, tax
  374. tale, tail
  375. talk, torque
  376. tare, tear
  377. taught, taut, tort
  378. te, tea, tee
  379. team, teem
  380. tear, tier
  381. teas, tease
  382. terce, terse
  383. tern, turn
  384. there, their, they're
  385. threw, through
  386. throes, throws
  387. throne, thrown
  388. thyme, time
  389. tic, tick
  390. tide, tied
  391. tire, tyre
  392. to, too, two
  393. toad, toed, towed
  394. told, tolled
  395. tole, toll
  396. ton, tun
  397. tor, tore
  398. tough, tuff
  399. troop, troupe
  400. tuba, tuber
  401. vain, vane, vein
  402. vale, veil
  403. vial, vile
  404. wail, wale, whale
  405. wain, wane
  406. waist, waste
  407. wait, weight
  408. waive, wave
  409. wall, waul
  410. war, wore
  411. ware, wear, where
  412. warn, worn
  413. wart, wort
  414. watt, what
  415. wax, whacks
  416. way, weigh, whey
  417. we, wee, whee
  418. weak, week
  419. we'd, weed
  420. weal, we'll, wheel
  421. wean, ween
  422. weather, whether
  423. weaver, weever
  424. weir, we're
  425. were, whirr
  426. wet, whet
  427. wheald, wheeled
  428. which, witch
  429. whig, wig
  430. while, wile
  431. whine, wine
  432. whirl, whorl
  433. whirled, world
  434. whit, wit
  435. white, wight
  436. who's, whose
  437. woe, whoa
  438. wood, would
  439. yaw, yore, your, you're
  440. yoke, yolk
  441. you'll, yule

17 August 2015

ONGC Scholarships for professional students 2015



(Last date for submission of duly completed application form is 15.11.2015)

ONGC offers Scholarships to meritorious SC/ ST students pursuing professional courses in Engineering, Medical stream and Masters Degree course in Business Administration, Geology and Geophysics.
Stream & Total no. of scholarships:
1. Engineering: 247
Qualification: 10 + 2.
2. MBBS: 45
Qualification: 10 + 2.
3. MBA: 73
Qualification: Graduation.
4. Masters in Geology/ Geophysics: 135
Qualification: Graduation.
Scholarship amount per month: Rs. 4000
How to Apply: Complete application with all the supporting documents as mentioned in the application form duly certified and forwarded by their Head/ Principal/ Dean of the Institute/ College/ University, should reach the designated office of ONGC.

For detailed application click here

For more information visit the website


Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University
IPA Educational Society

10 August 2015

Dr.B.R.Ambedkar Open University PG / PG Diploma & Certificate Programme Admission Notification 2015-16

Dr.B.R.Ambedkar Open University


Dr.B.R.Ambedkar Open University, Hyderabad invites Online Applications from the eligible candidates for Admission into the following Programmes for the Academic Year 2015-16.

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Register: Admissions are through Online.
Last date for Registration & Submission of Applications without late fee: 08.10.2015.
Last date for Sale and Submission of Application Forms (MBA IInd Specialization): 31.12.2015.


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