29 April 2014

M.Ed Admission Notification

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University

M.Ed. Admission Notification

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University invites applications for the courses M.Ed., B.Ed., B.Ed. (Special Education) for the academic year 2014-15
Dr. B R Ambedkar Open University Notification

For more details visit Dr BRAOU

Know your English

Know your English — What is the meaning and origin of ‘whistle-stop tour’? 29/4/2014

What is the meaning and origin of ‘whistle-stop tour’?
(KR Natarajan, Coimbatore)
This American expression is mostly used in politics. During an election, a candidate does not usually spend too much time campaigning in small towns. When he visits such places, he makes a short speech, shakes a few hands and moves on. A ‘whistle-stop tour’ is when a candidate puts in a brief appearance in several small towns in a very short period of time.
*Our candidate plans to make several whistle-stop tours this month.
In everyday contexts, the expression means to visit several different places — not necessarily small towns — in a short span of time.
*John and Peter plan to make a whistle-stop tour of India.
In the 18th and 19th centuries in America, most candidates made use of the train to get from one place to another. Whenever a train stopped at a small station, the candidate made a short speech from the train itself and quickly moved on to the next town. Such small stations were called ‘whistle stop’ because trains only stopped there on request.
How is the word ‘virago’ pronounced?
(CV Geetha, Hyderabad)
The ‘i’ in the first syllable is like the ‘i’ in ‘sit’, ‘knit’ and ‘bit’, while the following ‘a’ is like the ‘a’ in ‘bath’, ‘mask’ and ‘dance’. The final syllable sounds like the word ‘go’. The word is pronounced ‘vi-RAA-go’ with the stress on the second syllable. A woman who is ill tempered and rather bossy is usually referred to as a ‘virago’. She is a shrew; someone who shouts and screams a lot.
*How Sanjay fell in love with a virago like Meena is beyond me.
The word comes from the Latin root ‘vir’ meaning ‘man’ or ‘virile’. Virago was first used as a compliment; when you referred to a woman as being a virago, you meant she had great strength and courage.
What is the difference between ‘person’ and ‘personage’?
(Uday Kumar, Pune)
First, let us deal with the pronunciation of ‘personage’. The ‘age’ in the final syllable rhymes with the words ‘fridge’, ‘bridge’ and ‘ridge’. The word is pronounced ‘PER-se-nij’ with the stress on the first syllable. Any individual can be referred to as a ‘person’, but only a few can be called ‘personage’. This word is normally used to refer to someone who is well known and has a social standing.
*Standing at the doorstep was no less a personage than Sachin Tendulkar.
The word can also be used with characters/people one sees in a painting, movie, play, etc.
*Tell me, who are the personages in this famous painting?
‘Personage’ comes from the Latin ‘personaticum’ meaning ‘person of high rank or distinction’.
Is it okay to use ‘rethink’ as a noun?
(Anil Sharma, Kanpur)
Yes, the word ‘rethink’ can be used as a noun as well as a verb. It refers to the act of thinking about something again; when you ‘have a rethink’ about a plan, you reassess it. You may make changes to the original or you may choose to discard the plan altogether.
*The Minister believes that a fundamental rethink on higher education is needed.
*If you ask me, your proposal needs a rethink.
“It is so simple to be wise. Think of something stupid to say and don’t say it.” — Sam Levenson

28 April 2014

The Natural Order Hypothesis

Krashen 's The Natural Order Hypothesis

Five Hypotheses about Second Language Acquisition

The Natural Order Hypothesis

PGEC Notification 2014

PGEC Admissions 2014
PG Engineering C Admissions
Applications are invited for admission into M.E./ M.Tech/M.Pham/M.Arch. (Full Time) courses for the academic year 2014-15.
PGEC Admissions - 2014

23 April 2014

Acquisition-Learning Distinction

Second Language Acquisition Theory

The Acquisition-Learning Distinction, The Natural Order Hypothesis

22 April 2014

Know your English

Know your English — How is the word ‘dishevelled’ pronounced? 22/4/2014

What is the meaning and origin of ‘break the ice’?
(D Srinivasan, Tenkasi)
Very often, people find it difficult to have a lengthy conversation with someone they have just been introduced to. The two strangers find the situation awkward, and as a result, they don’t really say much to each other. The conversation, if one can call it that, has lengthy pauses. When you try to ‘break the ice’, you say or do something which will put the other person at ease — by reducing the tension or anxiety, you are hoping to get a conversation going.
*The professor broke the ice by telling the students a really funny joke.
*The ice was broken when they started talking about cricket and old films.
There are several theories regarding the origin of this idiom. According to one, in the past, traders and businessmen relied heavily on the river to transport their goods from one place to another. This became a problem during winter when the rivers froze. To ensure that the ships didn’t get stuck in the ice, smaller ships called ‘icebreakers’ were used to break the ice and make a path for the cargo ships. Before the ‘icebreakers’ came into existence, when a ship got stuck, sailors got off the ship and attempted to break the ice using an axe. In the past, people broke the ice to keep the ships moving; nowadays, we break the ice to keep a conversation flowing.
How is the word ‘dishevelled’ pronounced?
(Sunaina, Delhi)
The ‘i’ in the first syllable is like the ‘i’ in ‘bit’, ‘sit’ and ‘hit’, while the following ‘sh’ sounds like the ‘sh’ in ‘sheep’, ‘ship’ and ‘shoot’. The ‘evel’ rhymes with ‘devil’ and ‘revel’. The word is pronounced ‘di-SHEV-ld’ with the stress on the second syllable. This is one way of pronouncing the word. ‘Dishevelled’ comes from the French ‘dishevely’ meaning ‘bare headed’. Nowadays, the word is mostly used to mean ‘untidy’. When someone says that you look ‘dishevelled’, it means you look a complete mess — perhaps the clothes that you are wearing are dirty and your hair looks unkempt. In American English, this word is spelt ‘disheveled’.
*Some of the bowlers in our cricket team always look dishevelled.
*Ishant always comes to work looking rather dishevelled.
What is the meaning of ‘country cousin’?
(Nirmala Mishra, Dehradun)
In native varieties of English, this term is used to refer to a cousin who lives in the countryside. He is a rustic, and like most people from a village, he is unsophisticated. For someone who has spent all his life in the city, a ‘country cousin’ can be source of embarrassment and amusement. This relative does not know anything about city life; having led a sheltered existence, he is quite naive about the ways of the world. He can therefore be duped or tricked easily. The term is mostly used to show disapproval.
*My country cousins are paying us a visit next month.
In India, a person who comes from the same state as you do and speaks your language is sometimes jokingly referred to as ‘your country cousin’.
“I like being a woman, even in a man's world. After all, men can't wear dresses, but we can wear the pants.” — Whitney Houston

Source: The Hindu

16 April 2014

UGC NET June 2015 Notification

UGC NET June 2015 notification

UGC published notification on the website for Junior Research Fellowship and Assistant Professor Eligibility Test. The National Eligibility Test (NET) conducted by UGC scheduled to be held on 28th June 2015.

For more information click on the link

15 April 2014

Know Your English

Know your English — meaning of ‘get the monkey off the back’ 15-4-2014


What is the difference between ‘trip’ and ‘journey’?
(S Das, Chennai)
In both cases, you are going from one place to another. The word ‘journey’ suggests that you will be travelling a great distance. The time taken is likely to be considerable for you are likely to visit a number of places.
In the case of a journey, not everything is planned — as a result, a few unexpected things may happen along the way. This perhaps explains why people talk about life being a journey — it is impossible to predict what is likely to happen.
The distance covered during a ‘trip’ can be short or long. For example, one can take a trip to the U.S. or one can make a trip to the local supermarket. Usually, in the case of a ‘trip’, you return to the place you started from. This, however, is not always true in the case of a journey.
What is the meaning of ‘get the monkey off the back’?
(Kushal Garg, Lucknow)
The expression is mostly used in informal contexts to mean to get rid of a major problem or source of irritation. By winning the World Cup in Bangladesh, Mahela Jayewardene and Kumara Sangakkara finally got the monkey off their back. After having lost in four World Cup finals, it must have felt good to finally win one.
Another expression that is frequently used is ‘have a monkey on your back’; it means that you are carrying a burden or a problem that you find difficult to get rid of.
*Prabhu is an alcoholic. He needs to get the monkey off his back.
*Tina’s property dispute with her mother is a monkey on her back.
Nobody is really sure about the origin of the idiom. Some scholars believe that the original expression was ‘have a monkey on the roof’; it was mostly used in the late 19th century to refer to the mortgage that had to be paid — a burden that most middle class house owners face even today. During the 1940s, ‘monkey on the back’ acquired a new meaning — someone who had a monkey on his back was addicted to drugs.
How is the word ‘quasi’ pronounced?
(Aditya Jaiswal, Kolkata)
There are different ways of pronouncing this word. The ‘qu’ sounds like the ‘qu’ in ‘quit’, ‘quick’ and ‘quiz’, and the following ‘a’ like the ‘ay’ in ‘day’, ‘say’ and ‘bay’. The ‘s’ is pronounced like the ‘z’ in ‘zip’, ‘zero’ and ‘zoo’; the final ‘i’ rhymes with the ‘y’ in ‘my’ and ‘by’. Some people pronounce the ‘a’ like the ‘ar’ in ‘park’, ‘bark’ and ‘dark’. The word can be pronounced ‘KWAY-zai’ or ‘KWAA-zai’; in either case, the stress is on the first syllable. It comes from the Latin ‘quasi’ meaning ‘as it were’ or ‘almost’.
In English, the word is mostly used to mean ‘seemingly’ or ‘partly’. When you say that someone’s theory is ‘quasi-scientific’, it means that at first glance it looks like a scientific theory, but it actually isn’t. It does not include or contain all the features of such a theory. Some experts on usage claim quasi is a great alternative for ‘kind of’.
*I was rather disappointed. We were served quasi-Rajasthani food.
“Money is like manure. You have to spread it around or it smells.” — J Paul Getty

Source: The Hindu

14 April 2014

Know Your English

Know your English — 8-4-14

During the Sony Open in Miami, one of the commentators kept saying, ‘Djokovic seems dialled in’. What is the meaning of ‘dialled in’?
(J Uday, Mysore)
This rather informal expression is mostly used to mean to give your complete attention to the task at hand. When you ‘dial in’, nothing distracts you; you remain focussed, and as a result, are able to perform splendidly. The commentator was implying that Djokovic was so focussed in the final that he wasn’t making too many errors; he was beating his opponent — in this case, Nadal — quite easily.
*Federer didn’t get dialled in till the middle of the second set.
This expression, which is frequently used in sports, has nothing to do with having someone’s number on speed dial. I understand that ‘dial in’ is something that mechanics do when they are tuning engines.
What is the difference between ‘slim’ and ‘skinny’?
(Rajeev Shukla, Meerut)
Both words are used to describe the physique of an individual — they can be used with men as well as women. Nowadays, there is a tendency to use these two words with things as well — particularly, electronic gadgets. For example, people talk about ‘ultra slim TVs’, ‘skinny mobiles’, etc. When used with people, ‘slim’ has a much more positive connotation than ‘skinny’. When you say that someone is slim, it suggests that the individual is rather attractive. This explains why people who need to knock off a few pounds, do ‘slimming exercises’ and not ‘thinning exercises’.
‘Skinny’, on the other hand, is mostly used to show disapproval. A ‘skinny’ person is very thin and weighs far less than he should. He may be nothing but skin and bones — making him hard on the eyes.
*They make an odd couple. She is short and fat and he is tall and slim.
*They told him he was too skinny to be a fast bowler.
What is the meaning and origin of ‘let your hair down’?
(V Rohini, Chennai)
The idiom is considered to be rather old fashioned, and when used, is mostly limited to informal contexts. When you ask someone to let his hair down, you are telling him to chill out. In other words, you want the person to be less formal than he usually is; you would like him to relax and enjoy himself.
*Many people find it difficult to let their hair down when Bala is around.
*It was nice to see John let his hair down at the party.
Several centuries ago, when a woman appeared in public, she had to put her hair in a bun; she wasn’t allowed to let it hang freely. It was only in the privacy of her bedroom that a woman could let her hair down.
Is there a difference between ‘We are usually having lunch at noon’ and ‘We usually have lunch at noon’?
(Dilip Kumar, Hyderabad)
Yes, there is. The first sentence suggests that you generally start eating before 12:00 o’clock; at what time you start is not known. The only certainty is that when the clock strikes twelve, you are already eating. The second sentence suggests that you sit down for lunch at noon.
“Kids called me ‘Skeletor’ as a kid because I was so skinny.” — Cameron Diaz

Source: The Hindu

Know your English

Know your English — 1-4-14 - The Hindu

Know your English 


How is the word ‘kerfuffle’ pronounced?
(Prasad Baru, Secunderabad)
The ‘er’ in the first syllable sounds like the ‘a’ in ‘china’, and the following ‘fuff’ rhymes with ‘puff’, ‘cuff’, and ‘snuff’. The final ‘le’ sounds like the ‘le’ in ‘kettle’, ‘bottle’ and ‘mettle’. The word is pronounced ‘ke-FUFFL’ with the stress on the second syllable. It is used in British English in informal contexts to refer to a commotion or a disturbance of some kind. An argument between two people over something very trivial can also be called ‘kerfuffle’. According to scholars, it comes from the Scottish ‘curfuffle’; ‘cur’ originally meant ‘bend’ or ‘twist’ and ‘fuffle’ meant ‘to throw into disorder’.
*As expected, there was a kerfuffle over who should be the next President.
*During the kerfuffle, the thief managed to pick several pockets.
Why is New York referred to as ‘the Big Apple’?
(G Ranjit, Mysore)
There are many theories about why the city of New York is frequently referred to as ‘the Big Apple’. Some say that the city got its name from a well-known brothel; others claim that jazz musicians created this term. The only thing that experts agree on is that New York began to be called ‘the Big Apple’ in the 1920s. According to some people, African American stable boys working in the racetracks of New Orleans were the first to refer to New York as ‘the Big Apple’. This was because many of the important horse races were held in New York, and the prizes (frequently referred to as ‘apples’) awarded at these events were ‘big’. The city became the dream destination of most jockeys and boys working in stables. John Fitzgerald, a well-known sports reporter, took a fancy to the term and called his popular column on racing ‘Around the Big Apple’. In his introduction to the column on 18 February 1924, he wrote, “The Big Apple. The dream of every lad that ever threw a leg over a thoroughbred, and the goal of all horsemen. There’s only one Big Apple. That’s New York.” Other terms to refer to New York are ‘Gotham’, ‘Empire City’ and ‘the City That Never Sleeps’.
What is the meaning and origin of the expression ‘fair game’?
(Vineet Mittal, Vellore)
When you say that someone is ‘fair game’, you are suggesting that it is all right to criticise or attack the individual. Such a person is often the target of fun. For example, as far as the media are concerned, a crooked politician is fair game; newspapers and television channels write/say whatever they wish to about the person. Another expression that has more or less the same meaning is ‘open season’.
*Nowadays, most students think teachers are fair game.
The expression ‘fair game’ has another meaning as well. Something that you fight for in order to win it can be called ‘fair game’.
*Our Vice President is quitting. The rival companies now see him as fair game.
The expression comes from the world of hunting; people were allowed to hunt certain animals during a specific time or season of the year. During this period, these animals were ‘fair game’ — in other words, it was legal to hunt and kill them.
“I come from New York, where if you fall down, someone will pick you up by your wallet.” — Al McGuire

Source: The Hindu

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956), popularly also known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, politician, philosopher, anthropologist, historian and economist. As independent India's first law minister, he was principal architect of The Constitution of India.Born into a poor Mahar family, Ambedkar campaigned against social discrimination, the Indian caste system. He converted to Buddhism and is also credited with providing a spark for the conversion of hundreds of thousands of lower caste members to Buddhism. Ambedkar was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in 1990. Eventually earning a law degree and doctorates for his study and research in law, economics and political science from Columbia University and the London School of Economics, Ambedkar gained a reputation as a scholar and practiced law for a few years, later campaigning by publishing journals advocating political rights and social freedom for India's untouchables.

While practicing law in the Bombay High Court, he tried to uplift the untouchables in order to educate them. His first organised attempt to achieve this was the Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha, which was intended to promote education and socio-economic improvement, as well as the welfare of "outcastes", at the time referred to as depressed classes. For the protection of Dalit rights he started many periodicals like Mook NayakBahishkrit Bharat, andEquality Janta.

He was appointed to the Bombay Presidency Committee to work with the all-European Simon Commission in 1925. This commission had sparked great protests across India, and while its report was ignored by most Indians, Ambedkar himself wrote a separate set of recommendations for the future Constitution of India.
By 1927 Ambedkar decided to launch active movements against untouchability. He began with public movements and marches to open up and share public drinking water resources. He also began a struggle for the right to enter Hindu temples. He led a satyagraha in Mahad to fight for the right of the untouchable community to draw water from the main water tank of the town.
In 1930, Ambedkar launched Kalaram Temple movement. This was a non-violent movement for which he was preparing for three months. About 15000 volunteers assembled at Kalaram Temple satygraha making one of the greatest processions of Nashik. The procession was headed by a military band, a batch of scouts, women and men walked in discipline, order and determination to see the god for the first time. When they reached to gate, the gates were closed by brahmin authorities. This movement was for human dignity and self-respect.
Ambedkar was also critical of Islam and its practices in South Asia. While justifying the Partition of India, he condemned the practice of child marriage, as well as the mistreatment of women, in Muslim society.
Ambedkar was against Article 370 in the Constitution, which gives a special status to the State of Jammu and Kashmir, and it was put against his wishes.
Ambedkar's legacy as a socio-political reformer, had a deep effect on modern India. In post-Independence India his socio-political thought has acquired respect across the political spectrum. His initiatives have influenced various spheres of life and transformed the way India today looks at socio-economic policies, education and affirmative action through socio-economic and legal incentives. His reputation as a scholar led to his appointment as free India's first law minister, and chairman of the committee responsible to draft a constitution. He passionately believed in the freedom of the individual and criticized equally both caste society. His allegation of Hinduism foundation of caste system, made him controversial and unpopular among the Hindu community. His conversion to Buddhism sparked a revival in interest in Buddhist philosophy in India and abroad.
Many public institutions are named in his honour, and the Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport in Nagpur, otherwise known as Sonegaon Airport. A large official portrait of Ambedkar is on display in the Indian Parliament building. Ambedkar, was voted as the "Greatest Indian" in 2012 by a poll organised by History TV18 and CNN IBN. Nearly 20 million votes were cast, making him the most popular Indian figure since the launch of the initiative. Due to his role in economics, Narendra Jadhav, a notable Indian economist, has said that Ambedkar was "the highest educated Indian economist of all times. Amartya Sen, said that Ambedkar is "father of my economics", Sen continues that "he was highly controversial figure in his home country, though it was not the reality. His contribution in the field of economics is marvelous and will be remembered forever.
Ambedkar's political philosophy has given rise to a large number of political parties, publications and workers' unions that remain active across India, especially in Maharashtra. His promotion of Buddhism has rejuvenated interest in Buddhist philosophy among sections of population in India. Mass conversion ceremonies have been organised by human rights activists in modern times, emulating Ambedkar's Nagpur ceremony of 1956.
Outside India, at the end of the 1990s, some Hungarian Romani people drew parallels between their own situation and the situation of the downtrodden people in India. Inspired by Ambedkar's approach, they started to convert to Buddhism.

For more information about Dr. B.R. Ambedkar  click  here

(Source: Wikipedia,

Other Great Personalities include

TOEFL Exam Syllabus

TOEFL iBT® Test Content

The TOEFL iBT® test is given in English and administered via the Internet. There are four sections (listening, reading, speaking and writing) which take a total of about four and a half hours to complete.

Combining All Four Skills: Listening, Reading, Speaking and Writing

During the test, you are asked to perform tasks that combine more than one skill, such as:
  • Read, listen and then speak in response to a question
  • Listen and then speak in response to a question
  • Read, listen and then write in response to a question

TOEFL iBT Test Sections

SectionTime LimitQuestionsTasks
Reading*60–80 minutes36–56 questionsRead 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.
Listening60–90 minutes34–51 questionsListen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, then answer questions.
Break10 minutes
Speaking20 minutes6 tasksExpress an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.
Writing50 minutes2 tasksWrite essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.
The test you take may include extra questions in the Reading or Listening section that do not count toward your score. These are either questions that enable ETS to make test scores comparable across administrations or new questions that help ETS determine how such questions function under actual testing conditions.
Please read the timing instructions for the Reading Section carefully. The instructions will indicate how many passages you will receive and the amount of time you have to respond to questions for those passages. Be sure to pace yourself so that you have time to answer all the questions.
A standard English language (QWERTY) computer keyboard is used for the test. We recommend that you practice typing on a QWERTY keyboard before taking the test.

Native-speaker English Accents

Beginning in March 2013, the Listening and Speaking sections of the TOEFL iBT test include other native-speaker English accents in addition to accents from North America. You may hear accents from the United Kingdom, New Zealand or Australia.
ETS is adding these accents to better reflect the variety of native English accents you may encounter while studying abroad.
Below are examples similar to what you might hear in the Speaking and Listening sections.

Listening Section

Listen to a talk about the greenhouse effect (MP3). The lecturer is from Great Britain.

Speaking Section

In the Speaking section, only items 1 and 2 of the six tasks may have accented speech. Below are two examples similar to what you might hear. The speakers are from Great Britain. In each instance, the example is 15 seconds long, and you would have 45 seconds to respond.
Audio FileTranscript
Item 1 (MP3)If friends from another country were going to spend time in your country, what city or place would you suggest they visit? Using details and examples, explain why.
Item 2 (MP3)Some people enjoy taking risks and trying new things. Others are not adventurous; they are cautious and prefer to avoid danger. Which behavior do you think is better? Explain why.

TOEFL® Testing Location

The TOEFL® test is offered in two formats: the TOEFL iBT® test, administered via the Internet, or the TOEFL® PBT test, administered in a paper-based format. The format you take depends on the location of your test center.
  • The TOEFL iBT test is offered more than 50 times a year at more than 4,500 authorized test centers throughout the world. Most test takers take the test via the Internet.
  • The TOEFL PBT test is being phased out. It is currently offered only in areas where testing via the Internet is not available

The TOEFL iBT is offered in this location.

The list below shows available test locations in twin cities and dates as of April 09, 2014, but availability may change when you register. Fees are shown in US$ and are subject to change without notice. Please see the online registration system for the most up-to-date information and for test times.
HyderabadTOEFL iBT$165
Sat., Apr 12, 2014
Sat., Apr 19, 2014
Sun., Apr 27, 2014
Sun., May 11, 2014
Sat., May 17, 2014
Sat., May 24, 2014
Sun., May 25, 2014
Sun., Jun 15, 2014
Sat., Jun 21, 2014
Sat., Jun 28, 2014
Sun., Jun 29, 2014
Sun., Jul 06, 2014
Sat., Jul 12, 2014
SecunderabadTOEFL iBT$165
Sat., Apr 12, 2014
Sat., Apr 19, 2014
Sun., Apr 27, 2014
Sun., May 11, 2014
Sat., May 17, 2014
Sat., May 24, 2014
Sun., May 25, 2014
Sun., Jun 15, 2014
Sat., Jun 21, 2014
Sat., Jun 28, 2014
Sun., Jun 29, 2014
Sun., Jul 06, 2014
Sat., Jul 12, 2014

How to prepare for Test 

These products help reinforce the skills your students need to succeed on the TOEFL® test.
  • TOEFL Online Prep Course — This test-prep course helps students do their best on the TOEFL test by creating a personalized learning path with more than 80 hours of content. The course includes diagnostic tests, robust exercises, automated scoring, structured self-assessments and a grade book. Management tools allow institutions to create and manage instructor-led classes. For more information, email
  • Lexile® Measures — ETS and MetaMetrics® offer an easy-to-use, free service that matches TOEFL Reading section scores with Lexile measures. A Lexile measure puts reading ability and the text difficulty of reading materials on the same scale to help students find reading materials at the appropriate reading level. The Lexile site contains a searchable database to help students find books that match their reading level and interests.
  • TOEFL® Practice Online — The only official practice test that gives students the experience of taking the real TOEFL iBT® test administered via the Internet. Students get same-day scores and performance feedback and can practice anytime — in or out of the classroom, 24/7.
  • Official TOEFL iBT® Tests with Audio — This TOEFL iBT® prep book has five real past TOEFL iBT tests and all of the audio passages on disc. It also includes the TOEFL® Test Prep Planner with a sample eight-week plan to help students prepare for the test.
  • The Official Guide to the TOEFL® Test, Fourth Edition — Newly updated, this bestselling guide has three full-length tests plus hundreds of valuable tips students can use in your language lab or at home. Available in eBook and paper book format.
  • TOEFL iBT® Quick Prep — A free practice tool that has real TOEFL iBT test questions from past tests with downloadable audio files.


Teachers and students can find a wide variety of resources to help prepare for the TOEFL test in our Download Library. The TOEFL Test Prep Planner (PDF) is an eight-week guide to the TOEFL test created to help students as they prepare for test day. Online you can get access to the latest information about the TOEFL test, test content, registration, scoring information and related topics.
Be sure to visit the TOEFL® TV Channel on YouTube® to view instructional videos posted by English language learning teachers.

For more details click here 


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