24 January 2014

Navodaya PGT English Syllabus

Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti 

Syllabus for PGT and TGT 

 COMMON PAPER FOR ALL POSTS OF PGTs &TGTs: Objective type multiple choice questions on
General English / Hindi (40:20+20)
General Awareness (30)
General Intelligence, Numerical Ability & Reasoning (30)
Teaching Aptitude (20) and
concerned subject knowledge (80)

The difficulty level of the question papers for PGTs will be of Post Graduation standard and for TGTs it will be of Graduation standard.

There will be negative marking of 0.25 marks for each wrong answer. Total Marks: 200 Marks Duration of the Exam: 2 hrs 30 minutes.



Ability to comprehend, analyze and interpret unseen texts.
Three/four unseen reading passages may be set.


Ability to express views/opinions in a coherent & logical manner.
B1. One out of two tasks such as factual description of any event or incident, a report or a process.
B2. Writing one formal letter. Letter types include
a) Business or official letters(for making enquiries, registering complaints, asking for and giving information, placing orders and sending replies)
b) Letter to the editors(giving facts/figures suggestions / opinions on an issue of public interest) on contemporary / current issues.
c) Application for a job with cv.
B3. Writing personal opinion /views/stand in an article/debate/speech etc on a given socio
– cultural issue –in a style/register suitable to the task set. Issues could relate to
(a) environment
(b) education
(c) gender discrimination
(d) economic disparity etc..


Ability to apply the knowledge of syntax and grammatical items & use them accurately in the context provided .
The following grammatical structures will be tested through error correction / editing/ gap filling / sentence completion / multiple choice questions :
1. Determiners
2. Tenses
3. Clauses
4. Modals
5. Voice


Shakespeare’s works. 
 Romantic period (e.g. Shelley, Wordsworth, Keats, Coleridge etc) 
 19th and 20th Century American and English Literature (e.g. Robert Frost, Hemmingway, Whitman, Hawthorne, Emily Dickinson , Bernard Shaw, Arthur Miller etc. ) 

 Modern Indian Writing in English (e.g. Anita Desai, Vikram Seth, Nissin Ezekiel, K N Daruwala, Ruskin Bond, R K Narayan, Mulk Raj Anand, Khushwant Singh etc) 

 Modern writing in English from other parts of the world e.g. Latin America / Africa / Australia / South Asia. 

For more details please visit

Apply online click here  last date 28th Feb 2014.

22 January 2014

The ESL Times: Likes and dislikes about my friend

The ESL Times: Likes and dislikes about my friend: From San Gregorio school in Aguilar de Campoo (Palencia) we share with everyone this experience in 2nd level Primary. - Title: Likes and d...

15 January 2014

Words of Advice from Bill Gates

Words of Advice from Bill Gates

Life is wonderful, but it is also challenging at times. The following advice comes from one of the most successful businessman in history, Bill Gates. He recently told a group of high schoolers about 11 things they did not learn in school. He talks about how feel-good, politically correct teachings created a full generation of kids with no concept of reality and how this concept set them up for failure in the real world. I want all of you to be very successful, so consider some of his words:

Rule 1: Life is not fair - get used to it.

Rule 2: The world won't care about your self-esteem. The world will expect you to accomplish something BEFORE you feel good about yourself.

Rule 3: You will NOT make 40 thousand dollars a year right out of high school. You won't be a vice-president with a car phone, until you earn both.

Rule 4: If you think your teacher is tough, wait till you get a boss. He doesn't have tenure.

Rule 5: Flipping burgers is not beneath your dignity. Your grandparents had a different word for burger flipping; they called it opportunity.

Rule 6: If you mess up, it's not your parents' fault, so don't whine about your mistakes, learn from them.

Rule 7: Before you were born, your parents weren't as boring as they are now. They got that way from paying your bills, cleaning your clothes and listening to you talk about how cool you are. So before you save the rain forest from the parasites of your parents' generation, try delousing the closet in your own room.

Rule 8: Your school may have done away with winners and losers but life has not. In some schools they have abolished failing grades and they'll give you as many times as you want to get the right answer. This doesn't bear the slightest resemblance to ANYTHING in real life.

Rule 9: Life is not divided into semesters. You don't get summers off and very few employers are interested in helping you find yourself. Do that on your own time.

Rule 10: Television is NOT real life. In real life people actually have to leave the coffee shop and go to jobs.

Rule 11: Be nice to nerds. Chances are you'll end up working for one.

--There may be virtual reality, but there is no such thing as virtual happiness--


12 January 2014

Indian Constitution

Indian Constitution 

The Constitution of India is one of the important areas in any competitive exams. One who is aware of Indian Constitution can score more marks in this section of general studies paper.

VRO/VRA Syllabus

Village Revenue Officers / Village Revenue Assistants 

VRO/VRA Syllabus

Panchayat Secretary Syllabus


Panchayat Secretary Syllabus

What is the pattern of exam?
(Objective Types) Degree Standard

No. of Questions
Duration (Minutes)

Paper-1 : General Studies
Paper-2 Rural Development and
Problems in Rural Areas with special
reference to Andhra Pradesh


 What is the syllabus for exam?


1. Events of National and International importance.
2. Current affairs – International, National and Regional.
3. Current Developments in Science, Technology and Information Technology.
4. History of Modern India with special emphasis upon Indian National Movement.
5. Economic Development in India since Independence.
6. Logical reasoning, Analytical Ability and Data Interpretation.
7. Basic things about Disaster Management (CBSE –VIII & IX standard)

Paper-2: Rural Development and Problems in Rural Areas with special reference to Andhra Pradesh

(Questions in Paper-II will be framed with a view to test the General Awareness levels of the candidates broadly about developmental aspects related to Rural Areas.)

1.    Public Health and Sanitation, prevention of epidemics, hygiene behavoiur, village development.
2.    Social tensions and conflicts in contemporary society – problems of deprived groups.
3.     Indian System of Democracy – Democratic institutions, Panchayat Raj – Co-operative Institutions in the service of Rural Areas, their role and their effectiveness.
4.       Rural Economy and Development – Scientific developments relevant to rural areas –labour saving devices.
5.       Basic aspects related to Accounting.

Giving and Asking Advice

Source: engames

Reported Speech

Reported Speech / Direct Speech
source: engames

Personal qualities

Personal Qualities

Source: engames

Basic Furniture

Source: engames

Prepositions: Time

Prepositions of Time

Source: engames


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